Faculty Perceptions of the Use of Open Educational Resources in State Universities in Bayelsa and Rivers States Nigeria


  • Emmanuel Okwu The University Library, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Portharcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.
  • Kolawole Francis Ogunbodede The University Library, The University of Africa, Toru-Orua, Bayelsa State, Nigeria
  • Awajionyi Blessing Suleiman PG Student, Department of Library and Information Science, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Portharcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria




Open Educational Resources, Faculty, Faculty Perceptions, Teaching, Bayelsa State


The paper explored faculty perceptions of the use of Open Educational Resources (OER) in state universities in Bayelsa and Rivers States, Nigeria. The research was guided by two (2) questions. The researchers used a descriptive survey approach. The population of the study comprised 1787 faculty members from the four-state Universities in Bayelsa and Rivers State. Convenience sampling techniques were done as the study employed all of the respondents to the questionnaire from the entire population. Data was collected using an online questionnaire. Educational technology specialists evaluated the questionnaire. The Cronbach alpha value of 0.96 was discovered after analyzing the study’s data to look for internal consistency and reliability. The questionnaire was deemed credible based on the coefficient discovered. The frequency count, basic percentages, and mean were used to examine the data. The results showed that faculty opinions on the use of OER were favorable. It was also discovered that inadequate access to electricity, poor Internet connectivity, ignorance, a lack of library sensitization, and a lack of ICT skills were some of the main obstacles to the efficient use of OER. The researchers suggested that the universities should enhance their supply of electricity by providing alternative sources of power supply, provide adequate Internet facilities and encourage faculty to assist in encouraging students to use OER.


Allen, I. E., & Seaman, J. (2014). Opening the curriculum: Open education resources in U.S. higher education. Babson Park, MA: Babson Survey research group & the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation. http://www.onlinelearnings.

Anthony, C., Awotua-Efebo, E. B., & Baribor, V. (2018). Lecturers’ perception of open educational resources for academic purposes. International Journal of Applied Research, 4(5), 234-239.

Atkins, D. E., Brown, J. S., & Hammond, A. L. (2007). A review of the open educational resources (oer) movement: achievements, challenges, and new opportunities. Retrieved from http://www.hewlett.org/uploads/files/ReviewoftheOERMovement.pdf.

Bissell, A. N. (2009). Permission granted: Open licensing for educational resources. Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning, 24(1), 97-106. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02680510802627886.

Bond, J. D., Huddleston, B. S., & Sapp, A. (2021). Faculty survey on OER: Perceptions, behaviors, and implications for library practice. Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication, (General Issue), eP2401. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7710/2162-3309.2401.

Clinton, V. (2018). Savings without sacrifice: a case report on open source textbook adoption, Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning, 33(3), 177-189. DOI: https://doi.org/10.10 80/02680513.2018.1486184.

Commonwealth of Learning (2017). What steps can educators take towards using OER effectively for learning and teaching? Retrieved from http://discourse.col.org/t/what-steps-can-educators-takestowards-using-oer-effectively-for-learning-and-teaching/97.

Donyina, S. O., Jingjing, Z., & Sun, D. (2019). Academic staff perceptions and use of open educational resources in selected universities in Ghana. Retrieved from https://oer19.oerconf.org/sessions/academic-staff-perceptions-and-use-of-open-educational-resources-in-selected-universities-in-ghana-o-124.

Elf, M., Ossiannilsson, E., Neljesjö, M., & Jansson, M., (2015). Implementation of open educational resources in a nursing programme: Experiences and reflections. Open Learning, The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning, 30(3), 252-266. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02680513.2015.1127140.

Hilton, J. (2016). Open educational resources and college textbook choices: A review of research on efficacy and perceptions. Educational Technology Research and Development, 64(4), 573-590. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s11423-016-9434-9.

Hilton, J. (2019). Open educational resources, student efficacy, and user perceptions: a synthesis of research published between 2015 and 2018. Education Technology Research Development, 68, 853-876. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11423-019-09700-4.

Ihrke, R. (2013). Why We Must Recreate the Wheel. Teacher leadership. Edutopia. Retrieved from https://www.edutopia.org/blog.

Kothari, C. R. (2004). Research Methodology Methods & Techniques 2nd Edition. New Delhi, India: New Age International.

Lantrip, J., & Ray, J. (2020): Faculty Perceptions and usage of OER at Oregon Community Colleges. Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 45(1), 1-15. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10668926.2020.1838967.

Madiba, A. M. (2018). Lecturers’ perceptions and experiences of open educational resources in teaching and learning. Thesis Submitted in Fulfilment of the Requirements for the degree Magister Artium in Higher Education Studies, January.

Manjunatha, K. S., & Pradeep Kumar, D. A. K. (2016). An overview of open courseware initiatives in india. An International Peer Reviewed Bilingual E-Journal of Library and Information Science, 3(1), 41.

Mishra, S., & Singh, A. (2017). Higher education faculty attitude, motivation, perception of quality and barriers towards OER in India. In C. Hodgkinson-Williams & P. B. Arinto (Eds.), Adoption and impact of OER in the Global South. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo. 161282.

Mtebe, J. S., & Raisamo, R. (2014). Investigating perceived barriers to the use of open educational resources in higher education in Tanzania. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 15(2), 44-65.

Ivwighreghweta, O., & Ambrose, E. S. (2020). Open educational resources utilization under the COVID-19pandemic lockdown among distance postgraduate students in Nigeria: The case of the National Open University, Benin Study Centre, Edo State, Nigeria. Africa Journal of Studies in Education, 15(1).

Ogunbodede, K. F., Nwachokor, I. M., & Aminikpo, R. N. (2021).Awareness and use of open educational resources by academic staff of Federal College of Education Technical Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria. Rivers State University Journal of Education (RSUJOE), 24(1), 144-153. Retrieved from http://www.rsujoe.com/.

Pande, J., Singh, A., Intaratat, K., & Mythili, G. (2019). Sharing, adaptation and organization of open educational resources: Exploring the teachers’ attitude of Sukhothai Thamathirat Open University, Thailand. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT), 9(1), 31-36.

Percy, T., & Belle, J. Van. (2012). Exploring the barriers and enablers to the use of open educational resources by University Academics in Africa. IFIP International Federation for Information Processing, 112-128.

Todorinovaa, L., & Wilkinson, Z. T. (2020). Incentivizing faculty for open educational resources (OER) adoption and open textbook authoring. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 46(6), 102220. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0099133320301117.

Tlili, A., Altinay, F., Huang, R., Altinay, Z., Olivier, J., Mishra, S., et al., (2022). Are we there yet? A systematic literature review of Open Educational Resources in Africa: A combined content and bibliometric analysis. PLoS ONE 17(1), e0262615. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0262615.

Tuomi, I. (2013). Open educational resources and the transformation. European Journal of Education·, 48(1), 58-78. DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.2307/23357046.

UNESCO, (2012). Paris OER Declaration. Paris, France: World OER Congress. Retrieved from http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CI/CI/pdf/Events/Paris%0OER%20Declaration_01.pdf university: Prospects and Challenges. University of Oxford, UK.

Vollman, B. K. (2021). Access, use and perceptions of open (free) and traditional textbooks: an exploratory comparative analysis of community college criminal justice courses. Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning, 1-21. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02680513.2021.1874330.

Wang, S., & Wang, H. (2017). Adoption of open educational resources (OER) textbook for an introductory information systems course. Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning, 32(3), 224-235. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02680513.2017.1354762.

Wiche, H. I., & Ogunbodede, K. F. (2021). Awareness and use of open educational resources by library and information science students of Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Rivers State, Nigeria” (2021). Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal), 5373. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/5373.

William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, (2017). Open educational resource. Retrieved from http://www.hewlett.org/strategy/open-educational-resources/ [Google Scholar].

Wright, C. R., & Reju, S. A. (2012). Developing and deploying OERs in sub-Saharan Africa : Building on the Present. International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 13(2), 181-220. DOI: 10.19173/irrodl.v13i2.1185.

Zaid, Y. A., & Alabi, A. O. (2020) Sustaining Open Educational Resources (OER) initiatives in Nigerian Universities. Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning, 1-18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02680513.2020.1713738.




How to Cite

Okwu, E., Ogunbodede, K. F., & Suleiman, A. B. (2023). Faculty Perceptions of the Use of Open Educational Resources in State Universities in Bayelsa and Rivers States Nigeria. Asian Journal of Information Science and Technology, 13(1), 35–40. https://doi.org/10.51983/ajist-2023.13.1.3485