Factor Analysis of Occupational Stressors among Academicians from Autonomous Colleges in Madhya Pradesh, India
Keywords:Occupational Stress, Stressors, Stress Factors, Stress Level
Occupational stress or work stress is one of the major factors affecting employees at the workplace. It is evident from the available literature that occupational stress is present among the faculties of the higher education. It is increasing due to intense competitive pressure and new challenges in the academic environment. The objective of this paper is to identify the main factors or stressors of occupational stress among the academic faculty of higher educational institutions in India. This study was done on a sample of 400 faculty members, which was drawn randomly from different autonomous colleges of Madhya Pradesh. Exploratory factor analysis was applied for determining the stressors. The stress level was measured, and t-test was performed for data analysis. The study has confirmed five factors namely, Work-Related Stressors; Personal and professional development Stressors; Techno Stressors; Colleagues and Students Interaction Stressors and Organizational Climate Stressors. The results also revealed that major causes of occupational stress. The significant differences in stress level between Male and Female faculties and between Government and Private College faculties are also reported.
Abbas, Syed Gohar, Roger Alain, & Asadullah Muhammad Ali. (2012). Impact of organizational role stressors on faculty stress & burnout (An exploratory analysis of a public sector University of Pakistan), 4ème colloque international (ISEOR - AOM), 5(6), 1-18, Université Jean Moulin Lyon France.
Adnan Iqbal, & Husam Kokash. (2011). Faculty perception of stress and coping strategies in a Saudi private university: An exploratory study. International Education Studies, 4(3), 137-149, Canadian Center of Science and Education.
Areekkuzhiyil Dr. Santhosh. (2014). Factors influencing the organizational stress among teachers working in higher education sector in Kerala: An empirical analysis, Research and Pedagogic Interventions, 2(2).
Colangelo, T. M. (2004). Teachersstress and burnout and the role of physical activity and parent involvement. M.A. Dissertation, Department of Psychology, Central Connecticut State University New Britain, Connecticut.
Kaiser, H. F. (1960). The application of electronic computers to factor analysis, Educational and Psychological Measurement, 20, 141-151. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/001316446002000116
Leung, Tat-wing, Oi-ling Siu, & Spector Paul, E. (2000). Faculty stressors, job satisfaction, and psychological distress among university teachers in Hong Kong: The role of locus of control, International Journal of Stress Management, 7, 121-138.
Meng Qian, & Guan Wang. (2018). A research on sources of university faculty occupational stress: a Chinese case study, Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 11, 597-605.
Rajarajeswari, S. (2013). Work stress among arts college faculty in Madurai-An empirical study, PARIPEX - Indian Journal of Research, 3(4), 245-247.
Ravichandran, R., & Rajendran R. (2007). Perceived sources of stress among the teachers. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 33(1), 133-136.
Senthil Kumar A., Mohan S., & Velmurugan R. (2013). Causes of work stress of teachers in engineering education. Asian Journal of Management Research, 3(2), 406-419.
Soujanya K., & Devi Anitha, S. (2015). A study on dimensions of faculty stress: A factor analytical approach. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, 2(2), 104-108.
WHO: World Health Organization, Retrieved from http://www.who.int/occupational_health/topics/stressatwp/en.