β-Carotene Analysis and Histological Investigation on Different Egg Stages of Anomuran Crab, Emerita Asiatica (H. Milne Edwards, 1837)
Keywords:Emerita asiatica, β-carotene, Cleavage, Gastrulation, Previtellogenic Oocyte
Histological investigation and β-carotene analysis of different egg stages of anomuran crab, Emerita asiatica was studied. This investigation characterized the morphological and histological features of the ovaries; eggs and also resulted in the identification of the following structures such as Previtellogenic Oocyte, Vitellogenic Oocytes, Atretic Oocyte, matured Oocyte and its associated structures which are quiet common structures that are found in almost every Sand Crab. This study can be further used in studying the reproductive biology of this Sand Crab (Emerita asiatica). It can also be used in determining the structural and morphological changes that can happen in gonads due to the action of various microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses and fungi by artificial infections. The observation described in this study will serve as a reference for future research aimed at studies based on environmental factors, temperature, climatic conditions, and feeding that might have an effect on this species. The conversion of β-carotene into vitamin A (retinol), for clear eyesight and healthy eyes, a robust immune system, and healthy skin and mucous membranes, we require vitamin A. Large amounts of vitamin A can be hazardous, but our bodies only make as much of the vitamin from β-carotene as is required. The sand crab serves as a different source of β-carotene than vitamin A, even though E. asiatica is not widely used. Though E. asiatica is not a commercially viable crab, it plays a vital role in the environment to maintain a stable marine ecosystem. Several steps and preventive measures should be taken to conserve these members of the marine food chain to have a stable ecosystem and also to protect this species from extinction. Further, this study can potentially benefit as baseline information for the future research on the species.
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