Asian Journal of Science and Applied Technology <p>AJSAT is covering all aspects of Science and Applied Technology areas. Topics include, but are not limited to: Chemistry, Physics, Astronomy, Earth Science, Environmental Science, Biology, Computer Science, Mathematics, Statistics, Systems Science, etc.</p> en-US (Dr.M.Ramya) (Ms. S. Sukanya) Fri, 10 Jun 2022 10:38:28 +0000 OJS 60 Dilute Acid Pretreatment of Wheat Stubble Agro-Residues to Eliminate Non-Process Components Meant for Papermaking and its Impact on Mechanical Strength Properties of Paper Products <p>Wheat stubble agro-residues material contains lingo-cellulose with high level of extractives and metal ions, which may be able to instigate some harmful impacts on the papermaking process. Pretreatment of stubble on the removal of metal ions and extractive, its impact on the content of chemical constituents like holocelluose, lignin, silica, the pulping yield as well as the mechanical properties of paper were examined in the laboratory. Acid pretreatment significantly reduced the content of the metal ions with about more than 50%. The conditions for acid pretreatment of the material were optimized to pH-2 at 5% consistency for 1 hour retention time with more benefits in extractives and metal ions removal and less impact on cellulose degradation. The demand of active alkali charge during pulp making was observed to be about 3% lower for the pretreated material as compared to the untreated one. Despite of chemical conservation, a higher pulping yield of about 6-7% was also observed in case of acid pretreated materials. Improved thickness, more crystalline and a high degree of polymerization of cellulose fibre were noticed due to acid pretreatment and the pulp obtained from acid pretreated material showed improved mechanical strength properties (tensile, tear, burst strength etc.). The study revealed that pretreatment of agro-residue material with dilute acid (optimized conditions) could be used to remove the non-process component and make it suitable for utilization in papermaking process with improved mechanical properties in the paper products. </p> Izhar Alam, Chhaya Sharma Copyright (c) 2022 Asian Journal of Science and Applied Technology Fri, 24 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Effects of COVID 19 on Job Satisfaction among the Library Professionals in Delhi NCR, India <p>The main purpose of this study examines the Covid 19 situation effect on job Satisfaction among the library professional in Delhi and NCR. The some are many variables use in this study like a gender, age, designation, LIS professional Institutional affiliation, job satisfaction, Job security in organization, agreement with the dissatisfaction of job with their present employers, prime consideration while going for a job change etc. The total response generated 80 43 are male and 37 female, from the data analysis it emerged that very third professional in Delhi NCR enters in to LIS profession by chance 54% and 27% by choice; more than 24 respondents have expressed their willingness to change their present employer, if given better opportunity. More than 30 % professional either fully or partly agree 24% that most of the LIS professionals Delhi and NCR are Current work station is good but, I am expecting library priority in organizations 8% dissatisfied with their employers. All these and many more areas have been explored, which reflect the aspects of job satisfaction and dissatisfaction among LIS professional in Delhi and NCR region.</p> Shreya Yadav, Nishant Kumar Pandey Copyright (c) 2022 Asian Journal of Science and Applied Technology Fri, 24 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of Open Access on Journal Indices of Geology Journals <p>The aim of the present study is to analyze the open access status of geology journals and the impact of open access status on journal indices. This paper intends to measure journal indices for open access journals in geology, and compare them with the indices of non-open access journals in geology. The question of whether publishing in the open access mode is beneficial to authors is examined. The data was collected from Scopus Source List on 10<sup>th</sup>February 2022. Geology journals were filtered from this. Open Access journals covered by Scopus are recognized as Open Access if the journal is listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) and/or the Directory of Open Access Scholarly Resources (ROAD). For each journal, we extracted different scientometric indicators and then compared these scientometric indicators with respect to the journals’ status as Open Access or Non-Open Access. Upon analyzing the difference between 50 OA and 184 non-OA journals with sufficient metric values in Scopus Source List, no significant differences were found between Geology OA and non-OA journals in the indices like citescore, citation count, scholarly output, percent cited, SNIP, SJR and percentile. Publishing in Open Access and non-Open Access journals in Geology will yield citations.</p> V. R. Renjith, Sudhi S. Vijayan, A. P. Pradeepkumar Copyright (c) 2022 Asian Journal of Science and Applied Technology Fri, 24 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Challenges in Quality of Education in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) of Pakistan <p>The purpose of this study is based on exploratory research to identify “Challenges in Quality of Education in HEIs of Pakistan”. Exploratory research approach is used to achieve the objectives of the study in less time and inexpensive means. From the last few years, Pakistan is facing a lot of challenges in education sector such as curriculum, less training institutions, corruption in education, teacher’s behavior, less research work. Emerging issues in education sector are less training institutions and trend towards research work which is essential to follow for the growth and strength of any economy. The purpose of our research is to identify the major challenges in educational sector in Pakistan which the educational sector is suffering from last few years. The researcher used triangulation in order to carry the reliability and validity of the data for results. So, to conduct this triangulation the researcher used questionnaire for the students, questionnaire for the teachers and interviews of the management. In this regard primary data was collected from the focused group of students using a sample of 100 questionnaires for each university were filled by the students of the selected five universities. This attempt of conducting the research will play an important role in the development of Pakistan. In this research Curriculum, Corruption in education, less training institutions, Teacher’s behavior and less research work are independent variables and Quality of Education is dependent variable. In future, we will research on the solution of these problems. To increase the literacy rate, the Govt. of Pakistan has announced that the education is compulsory for sixteen years old for every citizen.</p> Zohaib Hassan Sain, Shahzadi Hina Sain Copyright (c) 2022 Asian Journal of Science and Applied Technology Fri, 24 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Preference Based Analysis on Online Course Structure of Research Methodology Using Conjoint Method <p>Global pandemic Covid- 19 has played a major role in increasing demand of online courses. Blackboards and white screens are gradually shifted to mobile and laptop screens. The e-learning becomes indispensable part in the academic arena. Courses on research methodology are most popular on online platform as research scholars and faculties from different institutions may got involved to their desirable option without facing much trouble of transportation. This paper tries to find out the preference of research fraternity of social science streams while they choose any research methodology course through online. Responses have been gathered using Google form from 1447 researchers of social science streams. Conjoint analysis has been performed to investigate what combination among different levels of attributes a researcher prefers while choosing any research methodology course. Order of attributes has been assigned based on their importance. Logistic regression has been performed to find out the demographic and socio-economic factors that influence the attributes.</p> Sanjib Kumar Gupta Copyright (c) 2022 Asian Journal of Science and Applied Technology Fri, 24 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Importance of Universal Human Values for Life: A Study <p>The human values are beliefs that have a deep-rooted worth in usefulness or importance to the holder of these qualities. These values are necessity in today’s society and education system. These values provide a meaning to the life of a human being. Usually, people become lazy and dull after being successful in this materialistic world, but if they have values, they would always have a purpose and guide in their life. Values are needed to teach to the children from the early age at school. This will help them to lead a peaceful and harmonious life which is free from evils. Hence, the aim of this paper is to highlight the important of universal human value in our life and how the theories on values are given by different researchers.</p> Savina Rani, Beenu, Harsh Jindal, Neha Gautam, Santosh Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 Asian Journal of Science and Applied Technology Fri, 24 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000