Numerical Investigation in Augmentation of Heat Transfer in a Rectangular Duct Using Al2O3 and CuO Nanofluids
Keywords:Al2O3nanofluids, CuOnanofluids, rectangular duct, Heat Transfer
A numerical investigation was conducted to predict the greater thermal enhancement in the rectangular duct using different nanofluids – Aluminum oxide (Al2 O3) and Copper oxide (CuO) are employed in the investigation and magnitude are compared with base fluid to ascertain the augmentation of thermal efficiency. Ansys-Fluent 13 used for simulation to identify the augmentation of heat transfer among fluids. A simulation conducted in Laminar flow with Reynolds number (Re) ranges from 20 to 40 at constant heat flux 2000 W/m2. The research reported the contour of temperature distribution, pressure variation, and magnitude velocity, Result reveals that copper oxide nanofluids have produced significant thermal performances than other nanofluid particles.
SUS Choi , ZG Zhang , W. Yu , FE Lockwood and EA Grulke. “Anomalous thermal conductivity enhancement in nanotube suspensions,” ApplPhysLett , Vol.79, No14,pp 2252-4. 2001.
W. Duangthongsuk and S. Wongwises. “Measurement of temperature-dependent thermal conductivity and viscosity of TiO2-water nanofluids,” ExpTherm Fluid Sci,Vol.33 No.4, pp706–14. 2009.
C.K. Leong, and DDL. Chung. “Carbon black dispersions as thermal pastes that surpass solder in providing high thermal contact conductance,” Carbon, Vol.41, No.13, pp.2459–69. 2003.
J.F. Feldhoff ,K.Schmitz, M. Eck. L. Schnatbaum-Laumann, D. Laing, F. Ortiz-Vives and J. Schulte-Fischedick. “Comparative system analysis of direct steam generation and synthetic oil parabolic trough power plants with integrated thermal storage,” Sol Energy, Vol.86, No.1, pp.520–30. 2012
C.A.Nieto de Castro, M.J.V. Lourenco, A.P.C. Ribeiro, E. Langa, S.I.C.Vieira and P.Goodrich, et al. “Thermal properties of ionic liquids and ionanofluids of imidazolium and pyrrolidinium liquids,” J Chem Eng Data, Vol.55,pp.653–61. 2010.
B. Wang, X.Wang, W.Lou and J. Hao. “Ionic liquid-based stable nanofluids containing gold nanoparticles,” J Colloid Interface Sci, Vol..362, pp.5–14. 2011.
B. Wang, X. Wang, W. Lou and J. Hao. “Rheological and tribological properties of ionic liquid-based nanofluids containing functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” J PhysChem C;2010, Vol..114,pp.8749–54. 2010
C.S. Jwo, H. Change, T.P. Teng, M.J. Kao, and Y.T. Guo, “A study on the effects of temperature and volume fraction on thermal conductivity of copper oxide nanofluid. 25650 North Lewis Way, Stevenson Ranch, CA 9138-1439, United States: American Scientific Publishers; 2007. pp. 2161 -2166. 2007.
L.J. Cheng ,L.J. Guo, “ Ionic current rectification, breakdown, and switching in heterogeneous oxide nanofluidic devices,” ACS Nano;2009,Vol..3, pp.575–84. 2009
C.Y. Lin , J.C. Wang ,T.C. Chen , “Analysis of suspension and heat transfer characteristics of Al2O3 nanofluids prepared through ultrasonic vibration,” Appl Energy; Vol..88, pp.4527–33. 2011.
T. Yousefi , F. Veysi , E. Shojaeizadeh and S. Zinadini. “An experimental investigation on the effect of Al2O3-H2O nanofluid on the efficiency of flat-plate solar collectors,” Renewable Energy Vol..39, pp.293–8. 2012.
H. Chang, M.J. Kao, Y.C. Chang and D.Y. Huang, “A new approach of synthesis of Al2O3 nanofluid. In: 3rd Workshop on metastable and nanostructured materials, NANOMAT 2006, June 5, 2006 – June 8, 2006. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Trans Tech Publications Ltd; 2008. pp.155-161.2006.
J. Liu , F. Wang, L. Zhang, X. Fang and Z.Zhang. “Thermodynamic properties and thermal stability of ionic liquid-based nanofluids containing Graphene as advanced heat transfer fluids for medium-to-high-temperature applications,” Elsevier – Renewable Energy; Vol. 63(2014), pp.519–23. 2014.
M.A. Sharafeldin , “Grof G. Experimental investigation of flat plate solar collector using CeO2-water nanofluid. Energy Conv Manage-Elsevier Vol.155, pp. 32–41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2017.10.070. 2018.
A. Allouhi , M.B.Amine ,R. Saidur ,T. Kousksou and A.Jamil , “ Energy and exergy analyses of a parabolic trough collector operated with nanofluids for medium and high temperature applications,” Energy Conv Manage-Elsevier , Vol.155,pp.201–17. 2018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2017.10.059.
A. HajatzadehPordanjani , S. Aghakhani , M. Afrand , B. Mahmoudi , O.Mahian and S.Wongwises , “An updated review on application of nanofluids in heat exchangers for saving energy,” Energy Convers Manage 2019;198:111886. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.enconman.2019.111886.
Shahsavar, Z.Rahimi and M.Bahiraei. “Optimization of irreversibility and thermal characteristics of a mini heat exchanger operated with a new hybrid nanofluid containing carbon nanotubes decorated with magnetic nanoparticles,” Energy Conv Manage-Elsevier;Vol.150,pp. 37–47. 2017.https://doi.org/10.1016/j. enconman.2017.08.007.
E. Cuce , P.M.Cuce ,T. Guclu and A.B. Besir, “On the use of nanofluids in solar energy applications,” J ThermSci;Vol.29,No.3,pp.513–34. 2020.
A.H. Elsheikh , S.W. Sharshir,M.E. Mostafa,F.A. Essa and M.K Ahmed Ali , “Applications of nanofluids in solar energy: A review of recent advances,” Renew Sustain Energy Rev,Vol.82,pp.3483–502. 2018.