Effect of Hybrid Controller on a Heat Exchanger for Enhancing Heat Transfer Rate of Al2O3 Nanofluid


  • R. Vivekananthan Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Government College of Engineering, Tamil Nadu, India




Heat Transfer, Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger, Al2O3 Nanofluid, Labview, Hybrid Controller


In this research paper, a hybrid controller is designed and developed which maintains the outlet temperature of a shell and tube heat exchanger by varying the cold water flow rate in such a way that conform the desired set value. Al2O3 nanofluid is mixed with water is to be used as the cooling fluid to increase the rate of heat transfer. PID controller only is not suitable for precise and a wide range of temperature control requirement. So that hybrid controller is designed and implemented by combining methods of fuzzy logic and PID controller’s concepts using Labview. Experiments were done on parallel flow shell and tube heat exchanger in a closed cycle system. The performance of the heat exchanger system is improved by a hybrid controller and the heat transfer rate is enhanced by aluminum oxide nanofluid.


Daniel J. Correa and Jacinto L. Marchetti, “Dynamic Simulation of Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers”, Heat Transfer Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 50-59, 2017.

Lazarus Godson, B. Raja, D. Mohan Lal and S. Wongwises, “Enhancement of heat transfer using nanofluids - An overview”, Renewable and sustainable energy reviews, Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 629-641, 2010.

Saman Rashidi, Omid Mahian and Ehsan Mohseni Languri, “Applications of nanofluids in condensing and evaporating systems - A review”, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, Vol. 131, No. 3, pp. 2027-2039, 2018.

K. Bashirnezhad, M. M. Rashidi, Z. Yang, S. Bazri and W. M. Yan, “A comprehensive review of last experimental studies on thermal conductivity of nanofluids”, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, Vol. 122, pp. 863-84, 2015.

S. Lee, S. U. S. Choi, S. Li and L. A. Eastman, “Measuring thermal conductivity of fluids containing oxide nano particles”, Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 121, pp. 280-289, 1999.

Adnan M. Hussein, K. V. Sharma, R. A. Bakar and K. Kadirgama, “The Effect of Nanofluid Volume Concentration on Heat Transfer and Friction Factor inside a Horizontal Tube”, Nanomaterials, Vol. 2013, pp. 1- 12, 2013.

A. R. A. Khaled and K. Vafai, “Heat transfer enhancement through control of thermal dispersion effects”, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 48, pp. 2172-2185, 2005.

Dawit Bogale, “Design and Development of Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger for Hararrewery Company Pasteurizer Application”, American Journal of Engineering Research, Vol. 3, No. 10, pp. 99-109, 2014.

Jaafar Albadr, Satinder Tayal and Mushtaq Alasadi, “Heat transfer through heat exchanger using Al2O3 nanofluid at different concentrations”, Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 38-44, 2013.

Sadik Kakac and Anchasa Pramuanjaroenkij, “Review of convective heat transfer enhancement with nanofluids”, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 52, pp. 3187-3196, 2009.

S. A. Moshizi and A. Malvandi, “Different modes of nanoparticle migration at mixed convection of Al2O3-water nanofluid inside a vertical microannulus in the presence of heat generation/absorption”, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, Vol. 126, pp. 1947-1962, 2016.

M. Raja, R. Vijayan, S. Suresh and R. Vivekananthan, “Effect of heat transfer enhancement and NOx emission using Al2O3/water nanofluid as coolant in CI engine”, Indian Journal of Engineering and Materials Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 5, pp. 443-449, 2013.

Yimin Xuan and Qiang Li, “Heat transfer enhancement of nanofluids”, International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 58-64, 2000.

P. Keblinski, S. R. Philipot, S. U. S. Choi and L. A. Eastman, “Mechanism of heat flow in suspension of nano-sized particle (nanonuids)”, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 45, pp. 855-863, 2002.

Minsuk Kong and Seungro Lee, “Performance evaluation of Al2O3 nanofluid as an enhanced heat transfer fluid”, Advances in Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 12, No. 8, pp. 1-13, 2020.

Nor Azwadi Che Sidik, Muhammad Noor Afiq Witri Mohd Yazid and Rizalman Mamat, “A review on the application of nanofluids in vehicle engine cooling system”, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 68, pp. 85-90, 2015.

Hsien-Hung Ting and Shuhn-Shyurng Hou, “Investigation of Laminar Convective Heat Transfer for Al2O3-Water Nanofluids flowing through a square cross-section duct with a constant heat flux”, Materials, Vol. 8, pp. 5321-5335, 2015.

Cong Qi, Chunyang Li and Guiqing Wang, “Experimental Study on the Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics of TiO2-Water Nanofluids in a Spirally Fluted Tube”, Nanoscale Research Letters, Vol. 12, No. 516, pp. 1-12, 2017.

B. Sun, Z. Zhang and D. Yang, “Improved heat transfer and flow resistance achieved with drag reducing Cu nanofluids in the horizontal tube and built-in twisted belt tubes”, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 95, pp. 69-82, 2016.

Debi Prasad Dash and Amruta S. Deshpande, “Design and Simulation of Fuzzy Controller for Heat Exchanger”, International journal of systems, algorithms and applications, Vol. 3, pp. 83-86, 2013.




How to Cite

Vivekananthan, R. (2021). Effect of Hybrid Controller on a Heat Exchanger for Enhancing Heat Transfer Rate of Al2O3 Nanofluid. Asian Review of Mechanical Engineering, 10(1), 18–22. https://doi.org/10.51983/arme-2021.10.1.2949