Correlational Study of Perceived Quality of Home Environment and Self-Concept Among Adolescents
Adolescence is a period which is marked by several physical, cognitive and socio-emotional developments, during this crucial phase how quality of home environment plays an important role in the development of self-concept to be explored by this study. A sample of 100 adolescents (50 males and 50 females) studying in class Xth, XIth and XIIth were selected from various schools of Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh. For collecting data the research tools namely Home Environment Inventory by Dr. Karuna Shankar Misra (1983) and Self-concept scale by Dr. Mukta Rani Rastogi (1979) were used. Findings of the Pearson Product Moment Coefficient of Correlation revealed that for the development of positive self-concept among adolescents, there should be less or no use of rejection, control, deprivation of privileges and social isolation of home environment. Results also revealed that home environment nurturance and permissiveness showed significantly negative correlation and plays an important role in the development of components of self-concept that is beliefs and convictions and feelings of shame and guilt among adolescents. Further t-test shows significant gender difference in terms of the perception of different dimensions of home environment and self-concept. That is on both the dimensions males scored significantly higher in terms of mean score than female adolescents except feelings of shame and guilt. These findings suggest that there should be an intervention program arranged for enhancing relationship between parents and adolescents especially for females.