Changing Societal Culture and the Conundrum of Cybercrime in Nigeria

Authors

  • Edith O. Abokwara University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51983/arss-2021.10.2.2827

Keywords:

Cybercrime, Yahoo, Nigeria Culture

Abstract

The integration of nations through the instrumentality of Information Communication and Technology (ICT) comes with the issue of cybercrime which has become a 21st century crime that cut across national boundaries. The problematics of cybercrime has become an issue that has put Nigeria on a negative limelight among the comity of nations. Despite government effort at combating the menace, it has become a reoccurring phenomenon. Disconcertingly, the laws enacted and institutions setup has not yielded much results. This study draws on both primary and secondary sources of data. It examines the issue of cybercrime and the activities of cyber impostors by problematizing the relationship between the structure and function of societal institutions. Analysis of responses from in-depth interview reveals that positive values is gradually eroding the Nigerian state. The study therefore indicts poverty, unemployment, greed and desperation, lack and weak family values as well as weak institutions as triggers of cybercrimes in Nigeria. It recommends that all state institutions must work in synergy to curb the threat, the academic curriculum has to be reviewed to accommodate current realities, families need to become active and alive to their responsibility as the first agent of education and discipline. Channels that can guarantee anonymous reportage of cyber ruffians should be created so that well-meaning citizens could whistle blow suspected cases for onward investigation.

References

Abutu, A. (2016). Fighting Striving Cybercrimes in Nigeria. Retrieved from https://www.scidev.net/sub-saharan-africa/icts/feature/fighting-thriving-cybercrimes-nigeria.html Accessed November 1, 2020.

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.

Parliament of Nigeria (2015) Cybercrimes (Prohibition, Prevention, etc.) Act 2015.Retrieved from https://cert.gov.ng/image/uploads/ cybercrimes_(prohibition,preventionetc)_act,_2015.pdf, Accessed November 1, 2020.

Adebowale, T. A. (2014). Can Ideal Family Values Be Promoted in Nigeria Through Welfare Counselling? African Journal for the Psychological Study of Social Issues, 17(1), 140-146.

Akinbi, J. O. (2003). Corruption in the Politics and Economy of Nigeria: Implications for National Development. Nigerian Journal of Economic History,5(6), 122-136.

BBC. (2019). OlusegunAroke aka H-Money Organized $1m Fraud from Prison – EFCC. Retrieved from https://www.bbc.com/pidgin/tori-50476665.amp Accessed September 8, 2020.

BBC. (2019). OlusegunAroke: EFCC Arrest Kirikiri Prison Oga Wey Epp H-Money Wey Organize $1m Fraud from Prison. Retrieved from https://www.bbc.com/pidgin/tori-50565873 Accessed September 15, 2020.

Cancian, F. M. (1968). Varieties of Functional Analysis. In D. L. Sills (Ed.), International encyclopedia of social sciences, 5, 29-41. New York: Macmillan.

Commonwealth Internet Governance Forum “Commonwealth Cybercrime Initiative” Retrieved from http://www.thecommonwealth. org/shared_asp_files/uploadedfiles/%7BDA109CD2-5204-4FAAA7786970 A639B05%7D_Computer%20Crime.pdf. accessed on 12/2/13.

DagaciAliyuManbe, SuleMagaji&Damagun Y. M. (2014). Cybercrimes and Victimization: An Analysis of Economic – Cost Implications to Nigeria. Cybercrimes and Victimization: An Analysis of Economic – Cost Implications to Nigeria. Handbook on the Emerging Trends in Scientific Research, 777-785.

Dzever, S. S (2016). An Appraisal of The Legal Framework for Combating Cybercrime in International Law. (Unpublished Masters of Law) Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.

EFCC (2020) EFCC Nabs 11 Suspected Yahoo Boys. Retrieved from https://www.efccnigeria.org/efcc/news/4438-efcc-nabs-11-suspected-yahoo-boys Accessed, 2020,23October.

EFCC. (2020). EFCC Nabs Father, Sons, One Other for N4.6m Fraud in Sokoto. Retrieved from https://effccnigeria.org/efcc/news/5634-efcc-nabs-father-sons-one-other-for-n4-6m-fraud-in-sokoto Accessed September 11, 2020.

Ewepu, G. (2016). Nigeria Loses N127bn Annually to Cyber Crime. Retrieved from http://www.vanguardngr.com/2016/04/nigeria-loses-n127bn-annually-cyber-crime-nsa/ Accessed September 11, 2020.

Fafunwa, A. (1974). History of Education in Nigeria. George Allen and Unwin, United Kingdom.

Falayi, K., &Ajaja T. (2018). Nigerian Prison Cells Where Inmates Live Like Kings, Use Co-Prisoners as Servants. Retrieved from https://www.punchng.com/2018/03/nigerian-prison-cells-where-inmates-live-like-kings-use-co-prisoners-as-servants/amp Accessed 2020, 31 October.

Fisher, J. R. (2010) Systems Theory and Structural Functionalism. In Ishiyama and Breuning. 21st Century Political Science, A Reference Handbook, Vol. 1, Sage, Los Angeles.

Igba, D. I., Igba, C. E., Nwambam, A. S., Nnamani, C. S., Egbe, U. E., & Ogodo, V. J. (2018). Cybercrime among University Undergraduates: Implications on their Academic Achievement. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research,13(2), 1144-1154.

Imranuddin, M. (2017). A Study of Cyber Laws in the United Arab Emirates.Rochester Institute of Technology. Retrieved from https://scholarworks.rit.edu/theses Accessed August 19, 2020.

International Actions Against Cybercrime. (2007). Networking Legal Systems in the Networked Crime Scene, in Xingan Li, (Ed. Webology, 4(3), 2-6.

Jegede, A. E., Olowookere E. I., &Elegbeleye, A. O. (2016). Youth Identity, Peer Influence and Internet Crime Participation in Nigeria:A Reflection. Ife Centre for Psychological Studies/Services, 24(1), 37- 47.

Kumashe, Y. (2020). EFCC Arrest 22-year Old man, Mother and Girlfriend for Suspected Internet Fraud. Retrieved from https://www.legit.ng/1348268-efcc-arrest-22-year-boy-mother-girlfriend-suspected-internet-fraud.html Accessed 2020, 6 September.

Lanshima, C. A. (2017). Conceptual Ramification of Nigerian Cybercrime. Benin Journal of Social Sciences, 23(1), 92-102.

Maharashtra Cyber. (2020). Cyber Security Awareness for Citizens.Office of Special Inspector General of Police Maharashtra Cyber, Home Department Government of Maharashtra.

Maitanmi, O., Ogunlere, S., Ayinde, S. Adekunle, Y. (2013). Impact of Cyber Crimes on Nigerian Economy. The International Journal of Engineering and Science, 2(4), 45-51.

NCC. (2020). NCC Hinges Nigeria’s 122 Million Internet Users Protection on Effective Governance. Retrieved from https://www.ncc.gov.ng/stakeholder/media-public/news headlines /614-ncc-hinges-nigeria-s-122-million-internet-users-protection-on-effective governance Accessed 2020, 14 September.

Ndubueze, P. N. (2012). Cybercrime and Third-Party Policing in Nigeria: A Study of Selected Cybercafés in Lagos Metropolis. (Unpublished Doctor of Philosophy) University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.

Nwachukwu, C. (2020). Bullion Van: Tinubu Untouchable, Buhari Can’t Probe Him – Bamgbose to Protesters. Retrieved from https://dailypost.ng/2020/08/29/bullion-van-tinubu-untouchable-buhari-cant-probe-him-bamgbose-tells-protester/ Accessed November 2, 2020.

Okeshola, B. Folashade and Adeta, K. Abimbola. (2013). The Nature, Causes and Consequences of Cyber Crime in Tertiary Institutions in Zaria-Kaduna State, Nigeria. American International Journal of Contemporary Research, 3(9), 98-114.

Olayinka, S. (2019). 93 million Nigerians now living in Extreme Poverty. Retrieved from www.thenationonlineng.net/93-million-nigerians-now-living-in-extreme-poverty/ Accessed 2020, 31 August.

Omeire, E. O., & Omeire, C. O. (2014). Social Structure and The

Production of Young Cyber Criminals in Nigeria. International Journal of Social Sciences, Humanities and Education, 1(2), 1-7.

Ottong, J. G. (2014). The Study of Sociology: A Conceptual Approach. Calabar, Adonai Publishing House.

Oyekola, T. (2020). EFCC arrest Two Lecturers, 28 others for Internet Fraud in Kwara. Retrieved from https://punchng.com/efcc-arrest-two-lecturers-28-others-for-internet-fraud-in-kwara/?amp=1Accessed 2020, 16 September.

Soni, D. (2020). EFCC Arrested Solider, 26 Others for Cyber Fraud. Retrieved from https://www.vanguardngr.com/2020/08/efcc-arrests-soldier-26-others-for-cyber-fraud/amp/ Accessed 2020, 1 September.

Soomro, T. R., & Hussain, M. (2019). Social Media-Related Cybercrimes and Techniques for Their Prevention, 24(1), 9-17. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.2478/acss-2019-0002, https://content.sciendo.com Accessed 2020, 2 September,

Suleman, L. (2018). Birds of a Feather Flock Together: The Nigerian Cyber Fraudsters (Yahoo Boys) and Hip-Hop Artists. Criminology, Criminal Justice, Law and Society, 19(2),63-80.

Ukwayi, J. K., & J. T. Okpa, J. T. (2017). Critical Assessment of Nigeria Criminal Justice System and The Perennial Problem of Awaiting Trial in Port Harcourt Maximum Prison, Rivers State. Global Journal of Social Sciences, 16(17), 25. Retrieved from https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/gjss.v16i1.3 Accessed 2020, 3 September.

Vanguard. (2020). Covid-19: Over 70% of Organizations Report Cyber Attacks. Retrieved from https://www.vanguardngr.com/2020/09/covid-19-over-70-of-organizations-report-cyber-attacks/amp/ Accessed 2020, 15 September.

Wilson, C. B. (2008). Cybercrime and Cyber terrorism: Vulnerabilities and Policy Issues for Congress. Retrieved from http://fas.org/sgp/crs/terror/RL32114.pdf Accessed 2020, 31August.

World Poverty Clock. (2019). The Percentage of Nigerians Living in Extreme Poverty could Increase by 2030. Retrieved from www.worldpoverty.io/blog/index.php Accessed 2020, 31August.

Downloads

Published

05-11-2021

How to Cite

Abokwara, E. O. (2021). Changing Societal Culture and the Conundrum of Cybercrime in Nigeria. Asian Review of Social Sciences, 10(2), 50–57. https://doi.org/10.51983/arss-2021.10.2.2827