Land Tenure System in Jammu and Kashmir: Empirical Investigations from a Village in Kulgam District, Jammu and Kashmir, India


  • Aarif Malik Assistant Professor Department of Sociology, Government Degree College, Kulgam, Jammu and Kashmir, India



Land, Tenancy, Reform, Peasants


The agrarian system of the state has gone all the way through transformations from time to time under various leaderships and State interventions. Land tenure system of the state has witnessed a series of evolutions form tenancy and sharecropping practices to “land to the tiller” by state intervention from 1940s to 1970s. Before land reform measures the ownership of the land was confined by Kings in form of Jagirs and Muffis with state intervention tenants have got rights over the land which they were cultivating for Jagirdars and Muffis. After 1970s land reform measures agrarian system had witnessed tremendous changes in ownership and land use practices. The paper shall provide a detailed account of changing patterns of land tenure in the state


Bakshi, S. R. (2002). History of Economic Development in Kashmir. Gulshan Publishers Srinagar India.

Bamzai, P. N. K. (2008). A History of Kashmir: Political Socio-Cultural from the Earliest Times to Present Day. Gulshan Books Srinagar India.

Binswanger-Mkhize, Hans., Camille, Bourguignon. & Rogier, van den Brink. (2009). Agricultural Land Redistribution: Towards Greater Consensus. World Bank Washington DC.

Chowdhry, P. (2017). Understanding Women’s Land Rights. SAGE Publications India.

Government of Jammu and Kashmir. (2008). Social Economic Profile of Jammu and Kashmir State. Directorate of Economics and Statics Govt. of Jammu and Kashmir India.

Joshi, P.C. (1975). Land reforms in India; trends and perspectives. Allied Publishers India.

Lawrence, Walter. R. (2005). The Valley of Kashmir. Asian Educational Services Chennai India.

National Sample Survey Organization. (2006). Some Aspects of Operational Land Holdings in India 2002-03. Press Information Bureau Government of India.

Thakur, A. P & Sunil, Pandey. (2009). 21st Century India View and Vision. Global Vision Publishing House India.

Thorner, D. & Thorner, A. (1961). Land and labour in India. Asia Publishing House India.

Thorner, Daniel. (1978). The Shaping of Modern India. Allied Publishers Pvt. Ltd. India.

Zutshi, Chitralekha. (2004). Languages of belonging: Islam Regional Identity and the Making of Kashmir. C. Hurst Publishers London




How to Cite

Malik, A. (2021). Land Tenure System in Jammu and Kashmir: Empirical Investigations from a Village in Kulgam District, Jammu and Kashmir, India. Asian Review of Social Sciences, 10(2), 27–29.