Levels of Consumption Expenditure in Rural Non-Farm Households in Punjab


  • Rupinder Kaur Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab, India
  • Anupama Professor, Department of Economics, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab, India
  • Jasdeep Singh Toor Professor, Department of Economics, Punjabi University, Patiala, Punjab, India
  • Kuldeep Singh Assistant Professor, Department of Post Graduate Studies, Punjabi University Regional Centre, Bathinda, Punjab, India




Non-Farm, Households, Consumption, Per Capita Consumption, Distribution


The study depicts that an average rural non-farm household spends Rs. 16,138.61 per year on consumption. The Bathinda district has the highest expenditure, followed by the Jalandhar and Gurdaspur districts. Rural non-farm households typically consume in a subsistence-oriented manner. Food goods account for a significant portion of these categories’ overall consumer spending. Rural non-farm households in the Bathinda district spend 1.20 times as much on consumption per person as non-farm households in the Gurdaspur district, and per-household consumption expenditure in the Bathinda district is 1.05 times the per-household consumption expenditure of non-farm households in Gurdaspur district. In comparison to the other two districts, the Gurdaspur district has a higher concentration of consumer expenditures. The average propensity to spend for non-farm families is less than one, however, for the lower four-income decile groups the non-farm households’ average consumption expenditure is larger than their average income.


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How to Cite

Kaur, R., Anupama, Toor, J. S., & Singh, K. . (2023). Levels of Consumption Expenditure in Rural Non-Farm Households in Punjab. Asian Review of Social Sciences, 12(2), 44–52. https://doi.org/10.51983/arss-2023.12.2.3624