Asian Review of Social Sciences 2021-06-26T16:53:37+0530 Dr.K.S.Shivraj Open Journal Systems <p>Asian Review of Social Sciences (ARSS) is a half-yearly double-blind peer-reviewed international journal that publishes original papers, empirical research, case studies, literature review, conceptual framework, analytical and simulation models, technical notes, and book reviews on Social Sciences.</p> Impact of Demonetization on Employment in India: Issues and Challenges of Labour Market 2021-06-26T16:22:31+0530 Nida Fatima <p>Demonetization is a conventional practice in monetary policy to embark upon black money. However, it was meant to be suddenly implemented. Long-ago, demonetization has taken place twice but it failed because the idea is to tackle the black money existing in circulation. This wasn’t for tackling corruption that’s what Government is not saying that 100% corruption will be tackled and also if announcement and time would have been given, this step might not have been successful in controlling black money and counterfeit currency in circulation coming from Pakistan, Nepal or other countries. Demonetization is a course of extraction of an exacting form of currency from circulation. The existing form of money has chosen from transmission and retired, to be put back with new notes or coins. The newest demonetization measures taken by the Indian Government on November 8th 2016, in an attempt to hold back corruption and black money has resulted in a massive amount of involuntary consequences. While the key objective following this budge&nbsp; is commendable, the planning and implementation of the scheme left much to be required from a policy point of view. This step has caused rolling impact throughout the economy, departing the most sectors reasonably crippled owing to the unanticipated cash crisis. The labour market in India has been witnessing numerous uncertainties including the problem of world recession, and growing ‘automation’ particularly in the manufacturing sector. More precisely, in the last one and a half decade, India has emerged a global power in terms of the development or diffusion of new technology in the form of ICT. ICT intensity, defined as the ratio of ICT investment to non ICT investment, has increased significantly across industries led to ‘automation’ in most production (and distribution). Its impact on productivity led growth, and direct employment is well documented. However, its negative employment impact, particularly in the ICT using manufacturing sector has largely been ignored. So, in a situation, when the debate, whether the net employment impact of ICT on the economy as a whole is positive, is still un-conclusive; any major policy change like ‘demonetization’ is likely to make the employment scenario further volatile by causing uncertainties to rise in labour market, mainly the informal employment.</p> 2021-05-15T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 Exploring the Impact of Coronavirus Pandemic on World Prisons: An Overview of Global Responses and Future Implications 2021-06-26T16:27:07+0530 Madhumita Pandey <p>While governments and international organizations continue their fight against the 2019 Corona virus disease, it is important to not overlook those in prisons and detention centres around the world, currently deprived of their liberty and rights, as they are likely to be more vulnerable to this outbreak than the general population. Given the nature of confinement, prisoners live in close proximity with each other for prolonged periods of time which often acts as a source for amplifying and spreading infectious diseases. With this in mind, the aim of this article is to present an overview of the impact of Corona virus pandemic on world prisons and the subsequent global responses to combat this unprecedented crisis. The article concludes with implications for mental health of prisoners and deliberates on decarceration as a way forward.</p> 2021-05-15T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 Status of Tribal Women in Tamil Nadu, India 2021-06-26T16:30:43+0530 V. Karthihai Selvi Muthupandi <p>In Tamil Nadu, there are six tribal communities according to the Tamil Nadu forest department website, namely, Toda, Kota, Kurumbas, Irulur, Paniyan and Kattunayakan. They are identified as Primitive Tribal Communities. These six tribal groups are natives to the Nilgiris. The members of this community are short, have black skin, and have protruding foreheads. They are hunting and collecting forest produce for their means of living. They usually never mix with other tribal groups. They still follow black magic and sorcery. They speak mixture of Dravidian languages. Kattunayakans are experts in collecting honey. The Paniyas worked as agricultural labourers. The Paniyas have only a crude idea of religion. They worship deity ‘Kali’ and banyan tree. They speak Paniya language, which belongs to the Dravidian family. They used to marry more than one woman provided if they can afford them. Another tribes, Irulas are collecting&nbsp; minor forest products. Some of them are also involved in looking after the cattles of others. They speak Irula, which belongs to the Dravidian family. Irulas are involved in healing practices and they are specialists in traditional herbal medicines.&nbsp; Traditionally, Irulas involved in snake and rat catching. Education and economic empowerment of tribal women can be measured through the power they have over financial resources to earn income and their per capita income, access to education, access and availability of professional opportunities and participation in economic decision making and their access to political opportunities. In Tamil Nadu, nearly 50% of the tribal population are illiterate. Among the literate groups, women constitute more percentage compared to men. This shows the positive turn towards the efforts on tribal women education. But efforts must be taken to make the entire population literate. Hence, it is essential for the central and state governments to concentrate their efforts more towards the illiterate group of the tribal population for ensuring overall development of the economy.</p> 2021-05-15T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 Identifying the Current Trend of Sustainable Development of Asia 2021-06-26T16:35:51+0530 H. M. T. R. Herath A. C. Udage R. M. P. S. Rathnayaka <p>By the end of the last millennium, “sustainable development” was the most widely discussed topic among scholars, policy makers and diplomats. Meanwhile, over the past decades, many Asian economies have achieved striking levels of economic growth for the betterment of the human life. However, it has also been accompanied by substantial environmental degradation. The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief overview of the current trends in sustainable development in Asia through indicating the current position of 44 Asian countries with respect to each sustainable dimension, by mapping the countries in order to show spatially where they stand in sustainable development and by statistically finding the existence of an association in each sustainability criterion. For this study secondary data were utilized and those were extracted from Sustainability Society Index (SSI). The sixth edition, SSI-2016 was used on this behalf. Data were descriptively analyzed using Minitab 17 and Excel while the required maps were generated using Arc Map 10.1 Geographic Information System (GIS) by ESRI. The association among the three dimensions, Human, Environmental and Economic well-being, was found out using Pearson Correlation. From the analysis we could find that there is no association between environmental well-being and human well-being Nevertheless, there is an association between the economic well-being and the human well-being and the same was resulted for the economic and environmental well-being.</p> 2021-05-15T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 Demographic Influences towards Online Classes: A Correlational Analysis 2021-06-26T16:41:24+0530 Kingie G. Micabalo Jesszon B. Cano June Ace P. Navarro Arsenio Robert N. Tan Ryan D. Montilla <p>An online teacher needs to give a constant flow of commitment that can serve the progression of unessential data that goes after both time and core interest. The study determines the correlation of demographic profile and its influences on student’s perception towards online classes. The study contrived 313 respondents who are currently enrolled in the College using the snowball inspecting strategy. Frequency and simple percentage, Weighted Mean, Chi-Square Test of Independence, and one-way ANOVA were used to analyzed and interpret the data accumulated. The discoveries uncovered that the understudies slightly perceived online classes in learning diversification, peer interactions, user-friendliness, online course quality, and course design. The investigation also revealed a statistically significant relationship between the respondent's course, family income, and family structure to the level of perception towards online classes. Moreover, there is a statistically significant difference between family income and family structure by its influence on students' perception of online classes. The study concluded that correlational analysis among students explains the demographic factors affecting their concentration on online classes. Family income and structure play a significant role and greatly influences understudies enthusiasm in the College of Business and Accountancy online classes.</p> 2021-05-15T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 A Study on the Attitude of the Hindu and Christian Secondary School Teachers of Malda and Murshidabad Districts, West Bengal, India towards Yoga Education in Schools in Relation to their Mental Health 2021-06-26T16:48:00+0530 Mohamed Afsar Ali <p>This is a study on the attitude of the secondary school teachers towards yoga education in schools in relation to their religious belief and mental health. Stratified purposeful sampling method was used. A significant difference in attitude towards yoga education was observed at 0.01 level between Hindu and Christian secondary school teachers of Malda and Murshidabad districts, West Bengal, India. The Hindu teachers possessing better mental health show better attitude towards yoga education in comparison to their Christian counterpart. The male teachers of government schools from Hindu vs. Christian religious faith show significant difference in attitude towards yoga education than their female counterpart. No significant difference in attitude towards yoga education in schools was observed between the male and female private school teachers of Malda district. However, the reverse is true for Murshidabad district.</p> 2021-05-15T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 OTT as New Platform of Cinema Exhibition: Opportunities and Challenges for Kannada Films 2021-06-26T16:50:17+0530 N. Vinod Rao R. Rajeshwari <p>COVID-19 pandemic has affected many areas including cinema exhibitions. Due to non-opening of cinema theatres film makers found the platform that is over-the-top (OTT). Before COVID-19 OTT was not able to compete with theatrical release. However, the pandemic situations changed the way of movie release through OTT platforms such as Netflix, Amazon Prime, Hot-star and others. The usage of OTT increased during the period of lockdown. According to Boston Consulting Group, subscriptions increased 60% and average watching hours increased to 14.5%. In the Kannada film industry, the well-known actor and producer Punith Rajkumar’s two films titled Law and French Biriyani were released on India's second largest OTT platform Amazon Prime during the lockdown period.&nbsp; In this context, this research tried to find prospects of Kannada film exhibition through OTT platform. The specific objectives are to explore the opportunities for releasing Kannada films through OTT, to study the challenges ahead in this way. The study used both quantitative and qualitative research methods. Online surveys conducted with structured questionnaires among 100 OTT users and in-depth interviews conducted among the people who are involved in film making from Kannada film industry to answer the research questions. This study would help filmmakers who are intended to release their film through OOT in future.</p> 2021-05-15T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 Assessment of Social Infrastructure Due to Growth and Development in Roads: A Case Study 2021-06-26T16:53:37+0530 Joyoti Gayen Debashis Sarkar <p>Rural connectivity is essential for the socio-economic development of rural areas. Various studies reveal that a higher socioeconomic progress is occurring in areas with paved roads for a long time. The linkages are either direct or indirect. It has been observed in this study that places with better transportation systems lead to improved accessibility to education, healthcare and drinking water facilities. It has been found that improved road infrastructure also increases the transport facility which gives better access to healthcare and education. It has been observed that enrolment in secondary/higher secondary schools increases due to access to rural roads.</p> 2021-05-15T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021