Asian Review of Social Sciences <p>Asian Review of Social Sciences (ARSS) is a half-yearly double-blind peer-reviewed international journal that publishes original papers, empirical research, case studies, literature review, conceptual framework, analytical and simulation models, technical notes, and book reviews on Social Sciences.</p> The Research Publication en-US Asian Review of Social Sciences 2249-6319 Development of an Approach to Assess the Success and Failures Influence in Middle Income Housing Projects: Case Study of Jalthara, Bambalapitiya and Dehiwala <p>Condominium is a complex of a building containing a number of individually owned apartments or houses. Condominiums can be identified as a western life style of living in urban areas. Based on high population density, lack of land availability, lack of serviced lands, easy service accessibility are the reasons for increasing condominium lives. Consequently, the satisfaction issues in Highrise buildings are considered to enhance the resident’s wellbeing among condominiums. All the housing projects are not becoming success. Successfully means that the scope, goals and objectives were met on time completed and the project came in at or under budget. The incomplete list of requirements, less involved stakeholders, lack usage of resources, high expectations, poor planning, influence for the failures. There are several factors that have identified performance after the implementation, Aesthetic appearance, Environmental impact, Client satisfaction, Project complexity for measure the project failures.&nbsp; In Sri Lanka is also presently experiencing condominium concept predominantly in Colombo district. Since the middle-income condominium living is new to Sri Lanka, there is no such considerations or researches regarding project performances in condominiums. Subsequently, the aim of this study to assess the success and failures influence in middle income housing projects. The study focuses on three of middle-income condominiums in Colombo district. The methodology of this research is comprised of observations and questionnaire surveys. The date was analyzed by using Correlation analysis, Factor analysins and Full permutation Polygon Synthetic Indicator analysis. The findings reveal that success and failures of the housing projects through post performances. Accordingly, the results of this study serve as a basis for planners and developers to design and make polices for the future condominium housing projects.</p> Sajini K. Rajapaksha Gayani P. Ranasinghe Copyright (c) 2021 2021-11-05 2021-11-05 10 2 1 10 10.51983/arss-2021.10.2.2960 Self-Directed Learning (SDL) in Higher Education: Practices and Issues <p>SDL is considered to be a fundamental educational goal. However, higher education institutes are challenged when promoting SDL. Therefore, the present study aims to, explore existing practices of self-direct learning implemented in the Faculty and to identify problems of undergraduates when they are engaging with self-direct learning practices in the Faculty. The study reflects that most of the students are familiar with the term self-directed learning. They had experienced with self-direct learning activities of assignments, class presentations conducted by students, group work or group discussions, practical/laboratory classes, field visits/field work, quizzes, tutorial classes, independent research project, e-learning, independent learning, food processing plant, in-plant training/industrial training, viva and farmer training program. Students express different learning preferences. However, students struggle with some issues when they engage with SDL. The issues are mainly related to course curriculum, teaching process, students’ factors and lecturers’ issues</p> Dilani Kanishka Abeyrathne Sakunthala Yatigammana Ekanayake Copyright (c) 2021 2021-11-05 2021-11-05 10 2 11 20 10.51983/arss-2021.10.2.2985 Gender Inequalities in Health, Education and Economic Opportunities in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir, India <p>This paper is an attempt to analyze the various indicators of gender inequality in education, health and economic services in Jammu and Kashmir, one of the union territories of India. This study utilized Gender Inequality index and revealed that after taking education as a starting point, the literacy rate and education of the women of Jammu and Kashmir is far lower than their male counterparts and also lower than women at national level. The male-female gap in literacy rate has increased from 12.71 per cent in 1961 to 20.25 per cent in 2011.There is nearly 21% gap between males and females in case of literacy rate. One of the greatest concerns, as far as gender discrimination is concerned is that of male-female sex ratio. The sex ratio has declined from 892 in 2001 to 889 in 2011. The child sex ratio has also declined steeply from 941 in 2001 to 859 in 2011 losing 80 points. The Infant Mortality Rate has fallen from 51 in 2007 to 23 in 2017, however, it is higher for female child than in male child in India as well as in Jammu and Kashmir. The study also found that, only 18 percent of all women age 15-49 were employed in the 12 months preceding the survey; 75 percent of all men aged 15-49 were employed. Thirty-three percent of women and 81 percent of men age 15-49 own a house alone or jointly with someone else, and 27 percent of women and 73 percent of men own land alone or jointly with someone else</p> Ab Hamid Mir Sayed Gulzar Ganai Copyright (c) 2021 2021-11-05 2021-11-05 10 2 21 26 10.51983/arss-2021.10.2.2986 Land Tenure System in Jammu and Kashmir: Empirical Investigations from a Village in Kulgam District, Jammu and Kashmir, India <p>The agrarian system of the state has gone all the way through transformations from time to time under various leaderships and State interventions. Land tenure system of the state has witnessed a series of evolutions form tenancy and sharecropping practices to “land to the tiller” by state intervention from 1940s to 1970s. Before land reform measures the ownership of the land was confined by Kings in form of Jagirs and Muffis with state intervention tenants have got rights over the land which they were cultivating for Jagirdars and Muffis. After 1970s land reform measures agrarian system had witnessed tremendous changes in ownership and land use practices. The paper shall provide a detailed account of changing patterns of land tenure in the state</p> Aarif Malik Copyright (c) 2021 2021-11-05 2021-11-05 10 2 27 29 10.51983/arss-2021.10.2.2987 A Study on Users Perception and Awareness towards Digital Payment Security Threats among Youngsters in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India <p>After demonetisation the usage of digital transaction is increased. Digital payment refers to doing money transaction through online with the help of internet. E wallets and prepaid payment instruments also introduced for the growth of digital payments. Since it is time saving and easy of doing transaction, users also slowly adopting the digital culture, But on the other side security related issues also faced by users. Digital payment security threats refer to stealing of information, unauthorised transaction, malware attack, and phishing. RBI and government of India has introduced guidance for digital transaction. This study focused on Chennai users perception and awareness towards digital payment security threats among youngster in Chennai area</p> V. Parvathy D. Durairaj Copyright (c) 2021 2021-11-05 2021-11-05 10 2 30 34 10.51983/arss-2021.10.2.2988 A Study on the Attitude of Female Members of Asur Community People with Varying Literacy and Marital Status Regarding Provision of Education <p>The present study is aimed to find out the relation between literacy status and attitude towards education as well as between marital status and attitude towards education among the female Asur, an aboriginal tribal community in West Bengal, India. A total of sixty numbers of samples from Cooch Bihar and Alipurduar districts, WB were selected for this study. Face-to-face interview (1:1) was conducted with a self-made inventory having 28 items covering seven dimensions of education for data collection purpose. Descriptive as well as inferential statistics like ANOVA, ‘t’-test by applying&nbsp; Excel and SPSS-16.0 software were used for data analysis. A significant difference between the attitude of the literate married female and that of the illiterate married female samples of Asur community people was found at 0.01 level. Similarly, a significant difference was observed between the literate and illiterate Asur community unmarried females at 0.01 level. This finding might be helpful to the policy planners, program designers and to the implementing agencies from the Govt. or non-Govt. authorities in devising provisions of education to this particularly vulnerable most primitive tribe of our country</p> Md. Afsar Ali Copyright (c) 2021 2021-11-05 2021-11-05 10 2 35 38 10.51983/arss-2021.10.2.2989 The Dynamics of Occupational Mobility and Household Well-Being in Rural Bangladesh <p>Occupational mobility or moving up a career ladder are typically considered to be an welcome phenomenon for the workers. There are ample literatures on occupational mobility across generation in the context of developed countries but there only very limited studies exploring the dynamics of intergenerational occupational mobility in the context of developing countries, particularly in the context of Bangladesh because of limited sources of data on the subject. However, occupational choice of the households significantly affects household well-being in various ways. The occupation of the household significantly affects household income, food security, and child well-being of the households. This warrants a rigorous investigation into the dynamics of occupational mobility and its effect on household well-being in the developing countries like Bangladesh. This research, in this context, explores intergenerational occupational mobility in Bangladesh and its effect on household well-being. The empirical regression results show that occupational mobility and more specifically moving up in the occupational ladder enhances food security and child literacy, while occupational mobility also has significant effect in reducing child malnutrition in the survey area. Food security, child literacy and improvement in malnutrition are also positively affected by respondent’s occupational level, level of education, number of household members engaged in income generating activities, land owned by the respondents, NGO membership, benefits from social safety nets, and training in income generating activities. Our results, thus, offer important policy implication.</p> Farjana Quayum Keya Copyright (c) 2021 2021-11-05 2021-11-05 10 2 39 49 10.51983/arss-2021.10.2.2990 Changing Societal Culture and the Conundrum of Cybercrime in Nigeria <p>The integration of nations through the instrumentality of Information Communication and Technology (ICT) comes with the issue of cybercrime which has become a 21st century crime that cut across national boundaries. The problematics of cybercrime has become an issue that has put Nigeria on a negative limelight among the comity of nations. Despite government effort at combating the menace, it has become a reoccurring phenomenon. Disconcertingly, the laws enacted and institutions setup has not yielded much results. This study draws on both primary and secondary sources of data. It examines the issue of cybercrime and the activities of cyber impostors by problematizing the relationship between the structure and function of societal institutions. Analysis of responses from in-depth interview reveals that positive values is gradually eroding the Nigerian state. The study therefore indicts poverty, unemployment, greed and desperation, lack and weak family values as well as weak institutions as triggers of cybercrimes in Nigeria. It recommends that all state institutions must work in synergy to curb the threat, the academic curriculum has to be reviewed to accommodate current realities, families need to become active and alive to their responsibility as the first agent of education and discipline. Channels that can guarantee anonymous reportage of cyber ruffians should be created so that well-meaning citizens could whistle blow suspected cases for onward investigation.</p> Edith O. Abokwara Copyright (c) 2021 Asian Review of Social Sciences 2021-11-05 2021-11-05 10 2 50 57 10.51983/arss-2021.10.2.2827 Covid-19 Induced Exacerbated Problems and the Vicious Circle of Migrants’ Household Poverty in Bangladesh: A Case Study <p>Before the Covid-19 current migrant workers who worked in informal sector encountered multiple problems in their host countries while the majority of returning and the aspirant migrants also encountered multiple problems in their origin countries. Within these problems a majority of them reduced poverty and led improved living standards. This article has tried to explore an association between the accelerated problems induced by the Covid-19 and migrant households’ poverty through the application of ‘vicious circle of poverty’ approach developed by Ragnar Nurkse (1953). It finds that the Covid-19 has rigorously affected the informal employment sector of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and the Southeast Asian countries - two major hubs of Bangladeshi migrant workers - where mainly unskilled and low-skilled migrant workers are employed. The migrants who are already employed in informal sector have acutely faced job loss, underpayment, non-payment, accommodation, health, etc. related problems while the returning and the aspirant migrants have also acutely faced unemployment, underemployment, financial crisis, debt, etc. that they faced before the pandemic but did not face acutely. Due to acute problems, remittance inflows to the current and the returning migrants’ household have significantly been reduced which has propelled migrant households’ members to take loan and sell distressed assets in maintaining Covid-19 induced livelihoods and paying previous debt, and thus the majority of migrants’ household have fallen in a vicious circle of poverty. The aspirant migrants have also fallen in a circle of poverty as they have spent a substantial amount of money for migration but failed to migrate and earn. To reduce poverty incidence of migrants’ household and protect them from falling into poverty in future the article has identified some issues and suggested policy strategies of each issue.</p> <p> </p> Munshi lsrail Hossain Copyright (c) 2021 Asian Review of Social Sciences 2021-11-05 2021-11-05 10 2 58 69 10.51983/arss-2021.10.2.2860 Teaching Online: Challenges and Questions <p>This is a short research article based on the challenges and questions arising due to online education of government school students. It has been written in the light of online learning during the temporary shutdown of the schools in the unexpected situation of COVID-19. Data collection for this study was done during April and May, 2020. An interview schedule was prepared and seven government school teachers from Delhi participated, voluntarily. These teachers were concerned for the classes till high school. Interviews were based on the online teaching experience of teachers from disciplines of English, Hindi, Mathematics, Science, and Social Sciences.&nbsp;With this piece the researchers tried to examine two main areas. Firstly, the methods and their impact used to teach different disciplines. Secondly, the student -&nbsp;&nbsp; teacher relationship during online learning.</p> Shachinder Arya Pooja Copyright (c) 2021 Asian Review of Social Sciences 2021-11-05 2021-11-05 10 2 70 74 10.51983/arss-2021.10.2.2923 Forecasting of Tourism Demand: Methodological Advancement in Search of Suitable Model <p>Travel and Tourism is one of the “World’s largest industries and generator of quality jobs” (World Travel and Tourism Council). Day by day tourism is getting popularity, and its contribution in world economy is also increasing. People are travelling mostly due to inversions. A person who lives in arid plains, one in a year wants to travel to see the beauty of mountains or Sea. A Person who works in a very stressful and compact schedule, also want to relax by travelling or finding recreation. Life style generated stress and boredom are affecting not only productivity of a person but also health of that person. Education is also a significant factor for tourism. The case study of the tourism demand forecasting is done in context of Jaipur city of Rajasthan State in India. Jaipur city is the capital of the state Rajasthan. It has both cultural and natural sites as attraction for tourists. Forecasting Tourism demand is an essential tool to predict the future of this industry in a particular Region. For the forecasting of tourism demand in Jaipur city time series analysis method is used. The paper is written to analyze the trends in tourist arrivals and the future of tourism in the city, and it is an exercise to find out best model for forecasting of tourism demand. It will be useful in proper of use of resources and appropriate planning of tourism in the city.</p> Mamta Meena Copyright (c) 2021 2021-11-05 2021-11-05 10 2 75 80 10.51983/arss-2021.10.2.3027