Asian Review of Social Sciences <p>Asian Review of Social Sciences (ARSS) is a half-yearly double-blind peer-reviewed international journal that publishes original papers, empirical research, case studies, literature review, conceptual framework, analytical and simulation models, technical notes, and book reviews on Social Sciences.</p> en-US (Dr.K.S.Shivraj) (Ms. S. Sukanya) Fri, 28 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Activity-Based Strategy in Teaching Earth Science among Junior High School Students in Philippines <p>The world has improved a lot. The vision to make people’s lives enjoyable came faithfully through the efforts of scientists in developing technologies that will help people’s work easier. This study determined the effectiveness of Activity-Based Strategy in teaching science to Grade 7 high school students in a national high school in the Philippines. The method used in this study was a quasi-experimental design with control and experimental groups. The experimental group was taught using an activity-based strategy, while the control group used the teacher-centered approach. Pretest and posttest methods were used to measure the level of academic performance of the students in both groups. This study revealed that the pretest performances of the control and experimental group were low, but the posttest of both groups increased. Also, there is a significant difference in the posttest performances of both groups in Earth Science. The study concluded that science teaching for Grade 7 students could be enhanced by using the activity-based strategy, a better alternative to improve students’ performances. Activity-based strategy in Science 7 increases the students’ motivation in terms of mastery of the concepts skills, stimulating positive learning and interest, and love for science.</p> Reggie Sy, Ceasar Nimor, Jonathan Etcuban, Rex Argate Copyright (c) 2022 Asian Review of Social Sciences Fri, 28 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Tensions between Top-Down and Bottom-Up Processes in the Renewal and Regeneration Interventions in Naples <p>This paper provides some insights contributing to the governance processes toward the creation of a future urban agenda of the city of Naples. In line with this purpose, the paper focuses on the phenomenon of urban renewal and regeneration and how top-down or bottom-up processes interact through the shaping of empty spaces, here generically defined urban voids. The transformation processes that would affect urban and social processes inevitably have to face up with some tensions that consist of claims about a range of socio-spatial “rights to the city” (Lefebvre, 1996). It is, more generally, the right to experience the spaces of the city, to feel part of them, to feel themselves responsible for them, and above all to manage these spaces. However, the set of urban and social conflicts, which generally involves citizens, inhabitants, movements, governments, but also other institutions, generate specific clusters that fight on oppositional goal in the ultimate aim of revealed or undermined the legitimacy of local city governance. In this sense, urban and social conflicts can be both understood as a negotiation of authority, prevalence, and strength of the images of cities and the development trajectories that emerge from the vision assessed by the different groups that experience the city life. Since Naples is a large and complex metropolitan city—transgressive and full of conflictual dynamics—it is difficult to talk about its dynamics in manage the local governance of spaces and way of experience life in these spaces. Taking into account this reflection, with the intent to understand some complex phenomena that modify appearance and character of the city space, the aim of this paper is to give a sense, a shape and a dimension to specific urban and social processes that directly affect local city governance. These phenomena are renewal and regeneration experiences—both in urban and social sense—linked to the actions of a multiplicity of actors that implements top-down and bottom-up interventions on the city space interact through the shaping of empty spaces here generically defined urban voids. For return the considered complexity, this study uses a visual methodology to investigate the fragmented space of mining behind the analysed processes. The implemented technique go through the collection of data on renewal and regeneration processes by mapping these starting from a series of interviews to key informers involved in these processes and from them particular perception of events, dynamics and use, reuse and meaning attributed to the city space. Through this technique, it is growing a general spatial reasoning about the images of the city that the multiplicity of local actors have in mind. What arise from this way of reasoning are contrasting and very different points of view of city perceived as fragmented in many specific sections affected by dissimilar degree of urban void connotation. The collected result allows us to conceptualize a typological scheme of future development trajectories for the city. In addition, a step forward to the constituted typology is to go in depth on a specific part of the city, in order to understand more closely the local dynamics shaping local governance: the Old Town. After the presentation of this specific case, what it is reached are open questions rather than real conclusions that helping in shape the research lines on which forthcoming attention is needed in the desire to develop a more articulated discourse aimed at creating a Future Urban Agenda for Naples. Moreover, all these elements can become useful instruments through whom it can be possible to learn from the urban and social conflicts and dynamics, from the practice of governance and from the struggles of everyday urban and social life.</p> Gabriella Punziano Copyright (c) 2022 Asian Review of Social Sciences Fri, 28 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Assessment for a Sustainable Livelihood Driver: The Economic, Social and Environmental Viewpoint of a Community Extension Program <p>The academe is regarded as the primary actor capable of empowering people, with the potential to contribute to a better community. School institutions have a mission to connect with the community by providing skill training and information to individuals who are less fortunate in order to help them reach their full potential.The investigation expects to survey the community's status in economic maintainability, social practicality, and ecological quality with an end perspective on building up a sustainable livelihood program centered to advance development and improvement in the community. The 359 residents - respondents of a village in an urban poor area participated in the study using Slovin’s formula to decide the study's sample size on a cluster sampling method in data gathering. Frequency and simple percentage, weighted mean, and Chi-Square Test of Independence were used to treat and interpret the data.The data found that individuals in the area rated social viability highly, while economic sustainability and environmental soundness were rated moderately. The respondents' favored program is the Community Livelihood Program Training Center, whereas the development of People's Cooperative for Businesses, the launch of Community Microfinancing, and Community SME's were rated fairly. The study also discovered a link between the respondents' gender, civil status, educational attainment, monthly income, source of income, and the community's economic, social, and environmental sustainability. Furthermore, the community's economic sustainability, social viability, environmental quality, and selected sustainable livelihood program all have a major relationship. The study concluded that the residents of the village place a high value on the social, economic, and environmental aspects of community growth and development. It also concludes that the community requires a Sustainable Livelihood Training Center, which the people believe is extremely suitable and acceptable for leveraging the community's current situation. People's perceptions of the community's status are influenced by their personal status as a local resident. And, if people's personal status and manner of life improve, a bigger percentage of growth and development in the community will be realized as well.</p> Kingie G. Micabalo Copyright (c) 2022 Asian Review of Social Sciences Fri, 28 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Factors Influencing Online Food Delivery Apps Use During COVID-19 Lockdown among Female College Students in Bangladesh <p>The government imposed a lockdown in 2020 and on the second wave of the pandemic in April 2021, which was extended for a few months later, when Bangladesh first confirmed a COVID-19 positive case. Young adults' food intake was greatly impacted by their social isolation, particularly female university students, who began to employ mobile-based food delivery apps (FDAs) and online meal delivery services. This study's goal was to pinpoint the variables that affect consumers' decision to use FDAs during the COVID-19 epidemic. Data were gathered from seven female users in Dhaka, and numerous categories of the elements discovered in the study were thematically evaluated. The findings demonstrated a relationship between behavior and continued desire to use mobile-based FDAs and subjective norms, attitudes, and consumer perceptions of price, delivery time, e-service quality, past experiences, food quality, payment methods, and trust. The study's findings also guarantee that consumers will use FDAs with satisfaction and loyalty. While conducting, the study encountered minor restrictions. Future research should focus on the contributions that FDAs make in various contexts, use comparisons and descriptions, and customer usage intentions throughout time to promote FDAs in the global economy.</p> Nusrat Parvin Copyright (c) 2022 Asian Review of Social Sciences Fri, 28 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Triple Marginalization and Struggle for Autonomy: A Study on Dalit Women in Bangladesh <p>Dalit people have been marginalized in different spheres of life since the dawn of modern civilization. The situation of Dalit women is even more complex. This paper aims at understanding the marginalization of Dalit women at a local context in Bangladesh based on empirical evidences. Data for the study were collected using mixed-method approach. The findings of the study reveal that Dalit women have to confront different forms of discrimination both in their own community as well as wider society. They face various types of patriarchal customs, such as dowry, domestic violence, dehumanization, and child marriage within their society. In addition, they frequently face inequalities in job and not treated with dignity in the wider society. The findings of the study reveal that these realities are constantly changing and Dalit women are continuously working for the betterment of their community as the soulful agents.</p> Aditi Sharif, Nasrin Jabin Copyright (c) 2022 Asian Review of Social Sciences Fri, 28 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Commercial Drivers’ Unprincipled Behaviour and Commuters’ Discontent: Perception from One Side of a Coin <p>Behaviours of commercial drivers have been examined to influence the choice of public transport services by commuters. This study aimed at determining issues discouraging patrons of informal public transport services. Primary data was used for this study. The primary method included the use of focus group discussions (FGDs) carried out in Shaki, Oyo State. Voluntary participation method was used to select 22 participants for the FGDs. Fourteen (14) predetermined questions were discussed among participants. Responses were transcribed and thematic analysis method was used to create main themes. Results showed that unprincipled behaviours were a common place as reported by 100% of respondents. Majority of respondents reported displeasures and desire to own private means of mobility. The study concluded that sustainable patronage of public transport service would be threatened if commercial drivers’ activities in relation to interaction with commuters are not regulated.</p> Olabisi M. Olapoju Copyright (c) 2022 Asian Review of Social Sciences Fri, 28 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Connectivism: Political Communication of Indian National Political Parties via Facebook <p>Connectivism approach tells how social media connect people for information exchange. Political persons connect people on social media to make them aware about their plan and ideology. The objectives of the study are to know the association between the main political person in Facebook post, their ideology, objectives of the Facebook post of Indian national political parties and presence of bias in the post. We conducted quantitative research with the help of content analysis method. We used cross-sectional research design for collection of data. Total 538 post form official Facebook page of Indian national political parties have been collected through purposive sampling. Result indicates that political ideology is reflected on the national political party’s Facebook posts. While brick batting, image building and information sharing are the three main objectives of political posts of Facebook.</p> Poonam, Vikram Kaushik, Amit Sharma Copyright (c) 2022 Asian Review of Social Sciences Fri, 28 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Newspaper Portrayal of Gender-Based Violence during COVID-19 Lockdown in Bangladesh <p>SARS-CoV-2 or COVID-19, has emerged as the most serious public health threat of the contemporary age. More than 4.2 million individuals died as a result of this infectious virus, which has infected about 200 million people. Coronavirus spread quickly across the world due to its infectious nature, resulting in a large number of deaths. In many ways, COVID-19 had an impact on nearly every nation in economic, social, cultural, political, and other spheres. The study aims to find out the portrayal of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in popular English newspapers in Bangladesh. Data were collected from the 12 most-read English dailies that published news on IPV all over the country. The study used a summative approach of the qualitative content analysis method as formulated by Bengtsson (2016). Findings show that the frequency of published news on IPV considerably increased amid COVID-19 induced lockdown in Bangladesh. The causes of such incidents go back to deep-rooted patriarchal norms, gender roles and the powerlessness of women. Many incidents occurred during lockdown that, as victims reported, were triggered by shocks like sudden joblessness, chronic stress, abject poverty, etc. caused by the pandemic. Such violence often affected women’s physical, mental and reproductive health. Many incidents like stabbing to death, killing with the home weapon, and physical abuse became national headings amid lockdown. The study suggests undertaking special protection measures for women in any such future event. Awareness and cooperation of people along with appropriate policies can be major steps towards combating the impacts of COVID-19.</p> Shakhawat Hossain Faisal, Arifur Rahaman, Awfa Islam, Atika Khan, Yasha Mannan Copyright (c) 2022 Asian Review of Social Sciences Fri, 28 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000