Asian Review of Social Sciences <p>Asian Review of Social Sciences (ARSS) is a half-yearly double-blind peer-reviewed international journal that publishes original papers, empirical research, case studies, literature review, conceptual framework, analytical and simulation models, technical notes, and book reviews on Social Sciences.</p> en-US (Dr.K.S.Shivraj) (Ms. S. Sukanya) Wed, 22 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Natural Resource Conflicts and Peace Building in Africa: Towards Resolving Herdsmen-Farmers Conflicts in Nigeria’s North-Central Geo-Political Zone. <p>The main objective of this study is to examine the relationship between globalization, resource conflicts and peace - building in Africa, with particular emphasis on Nigerian’s north-central geo-political zone. The wave of globalization that has swept across the world with its attendant socio-economic and political consequences lies at the heart of this study. The debate that is raging currently amongst intelligentsias, public analysts, and the international community points to the fact that the global system has suffered increasing setbacks occasioned by the impacts of globalization and contestation for scarce natural resource endowments. The changes that have emerged for several decades in both developed and developing nations, with the latter having a greater share of repercussions, have remained largely daunting. The multiplier effects of these changes have resulted to worsening crises situations, with fast growing rate of intra-state and/or trans-regionalized networked conflicts, which is why Africa and indeed Nigeria, has become hotbed for contestations recently. This work adopts qualitative approach as method of investigation. This work relies on classic works of experts in the broader discipline of globalization and conflict resolutions, the essence of which is to clearly define ways of ensuring absolute peace in Nigeria’s north central zone. The paper observes that guaranteeing peace- building requires the adoption of both vertical and horizontal approaches as templates for the realization of peace objectives.</p> Canice Erunke Copyright (c) 2023 Asian Review of Social Sciences Wed, 22 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Sub-optimal Investments in Public Health: A Case for Persisting Poverty <p>Investment in Human capital is one of the most important variables that determine long run economic growth of an economy, even more so for low income, capital deficient, labour abundant economies. In the context of additions to value added, endowments of education and health of workers take prominence. This paper theoretically and empirically shows that suboptimal investments in health care lead to slowing down of economic growth in the long run and causes poverty and inequality to persist. This persistence of poverty can be despite rapid rates of economic growth in the short run. The paper uses endogenous growth models to argue that investments in health are necessary for long run, sustainable economic growth. It also uses secondary data to draw an overview of the public health scenario in India, bringing to fore the inadequacies of the structure and the need for a greater and more dedicated intervention by the state.</p> Shirin Akhter, Simin Akhter Naqvi Copyright (c) 2023 Asian Review of Social Sciences Wed, 22 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Relevance of Food Processing Industry in Women Empowerment: A Case Study of Prayagraj District in India <p>The research article is concerned with the importance and performance of food processing industry in generating sufficient employment opportunities for female workers. A case study on a specific district brings out crucial aspects related to working conditions and struggles faced by women in these industries. The data collection and analysis are based upon the overall number of women employed. They are further categorized as per the type of employment offered to them under different kinds of industries. The findings show that the share of women in employment is much lower as compared to men. Various forms of gender discrimination are found at industrial workplaces. The lack of government support coupled with an adverse social mindset against working women is also observed in the region. The scope of entrepreneurship development is limited to SHGs. Nevertheless, FPIs could be a way forward to shift surplus women engaged in agricultural activities or construction sites to a better source of income generation while raising social status.</p> Adil Khan, Arun Kumar Singh Copyright (c) 2023 Asian Review of Social Sciences Wed, 22 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Inception of Agri-Derivatives Market for Protecting the Farmers of Bangladesh from Price Risk: A Chattogram Perspective <p>This study aims to explore the necessity of developing agricultural commodity derivatives market in Bangladesh, a South Asian country, where fluctuation in price of essential agricultural commodities has become a regular phenomenon. No market mechanism is there by which farmers can get protection against the risk arising from price fluctuation in the country. As such, frequent loss incurred from such adverse price movement is de-motivating many of them to switch their profession. In this study data from both sources, primary and secondary, has been used. Primary data has been collected through the use of structured questionnaire and has been analyzed through descriptive statistics. The study reveals that with an opportunity of prefixing the price during the time of cultivation almost all of the respondents expect that they would not worry regarding a price decline, would be able to recover their production cost, would get their expected level of price, would be able to ensure fair price and predict the price they would get after harvesting more accurately. This implies that they desires for a market mechanism through which they would be able to get protection against the decline in price and it is the agricultural derivatives market that can fulfill their desire well. This study would help the policy makers and expect to inspire them to conduct a survey at large scale so that proper steps can be taken for the successful inception of agricultural derivatives market in the country that would benefit the farmers of the country.</p> Md. Monzur Morshed Bhuiya, Tasnim Uddin Chowdhury Copyright (c) 2023 Asian Review of Social Sciences Wed, 22 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 An Analysis of Work Life Balance and Mental Health of Women in India during Work from Home with Special Reference to IT Sector <p>The Indian IT industry has helped place India on the world platform. With the sector’s rise has come a rise in female employment. Work-life balance is a problem that affects all genders, although it affects women more than men. Work-life balance is vital for women in the Indian IT industry because of cultural considerations and the fact that professional women in India still do most, if not all, domestic tasks. The current research explores the mental health of top female IT employees to identify their work-life balance concerns especially during working from home. The majority of respondents agreed that parental recognition and economic circumstances at home influence women’s career perspective, they disagreed that women with career growth focus are less likely to be responsible spouses, mothers, or daughters-in-law, or to take on extra family obligations. The respondents also agreed that work-life balance is tied to self-inclination as well as ambition; several of them believed that a woman who wants it would seek solutions. Working at home and balancing personal life as well is the hard task for women in India.</p> S. Vijayalakshmi, T. Nirmala, R. Subasree Copyright (c) 2023 Asian Review of Social Sciences Wed, 22 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Child-Rearing Practices and Anxiety of Parents of Children with Physical Disabilities <p>This present paper deals with Child Rearing Practices and Anxieties of Parents of Children with Physical Disabilities. In comparison to previous societies, modern society’s child-rearing practices are vastly different. Physically challenged children are seen as a burden by many parents in today’s culture. Disabled children are not receiving proper care. In today’s world, parents are entrusting their impaired children’s care to institutions. They don’t have the time or knowledge to care for these kinds of children. the institutions found various abilities of the disabled children and gave adequate training to improve their various skills and help them to live in society without depending on anyone. The research’s key finding is that raising awareness and providing sufficient training to parents and children prepares them to meet any challenges posed by society. They have sufficient mental bravery and are capable of overcoming any obstacles. Parents should be made aware that disabled children are not a burden. They also have certain unique abilities. The current paper aims to serve as a foundation for the development of a variety of cultural and social abilities. Overall, it aids in the motivation of both the parent and the child.</p> Judin Johny, Jobi Babu Copyright (c) 2023 Asian Review of Social Sciences Wed, 22 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Exploring Family Conflict: Issues Social Workers Deal within Jimma City Woreda Court, Ethiopia <p>The goal of this study was to look into family conflict and the issues that social workers in Jimma City’s woreda court deal with. The qualitative research approach with case study design was utilized to answer the research question and satisfy the study objective. To acquire relevant data, key informant and in-depth interviews were conducted. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the data. Throughout the research procedure, research ethics such as informed permission, anonymity, dignity, privacy, and confidentiality were rigorously maintained. Family conflict issues dealt with by social workers in Jimma city woreda court include divorce, property disputes, and child abuse. According to the findings, the presence of social workers in the courtroom aided the trial process on the one hand and advocated for victims’ rights on the other. As a result of the study, the court personnel were advised to pay special attention to social workers and their profession.</p> Amaha Neway, Abdulhakim Mohammed, Tadesse Gobosho Copyright (c) 2023 Asian Review of Social Sciences Wed, 22 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Study on the Socioeconomic Status of Senior Citizens in Chennai’s Urban Habitats <p>The world’s demographic situation reveals how rapidly the population of the elderly is ageing. Despite developed and emerging countries, the old population around the world is a worrying trend. According to a United Nations demographic estimate, there may be 1,171 million elderly people worldwide in 2025. Additionally, for the first time ever, the world’s elderly population will outnumber its young population. According to the 2011 Census of India, 5.5% of the country’s population would be 65 years of age or older, with a male population of 30, 831, 190 and a female population of 33, 998, 613. Although there are numerous disorders that affect the elderly, according to reports, their main issues are more psychological than physical. (a) To study the respondents’ demographic details (b) To examine the socio- economic status elders and document the support system of study subject. This study is based on actual data gathered from 150 respondents from six slums recognised by the TN Slum Clearance Board. A simple random sample technique and a descriptive study design were used. The universe of this study was formed by individuals above the age of 60. In addition to the interview schedule, non-participatory observations were used as a primary source. According to the report, the vast majority of the aged people experienced more physical and psychological issues. The elderly were treated as if they were a burden to their family members.</p> John Kaviarasu, M. P. Richard, Arokia Sahaya Melson Copyright (c) 2023 Asian Review of Social Sciences Wed, 22 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Reevaluating the Underlying Factors of 1990’s Mass Uprising against Authoritarian Regime in Bangladesh: An Analysis in the Light of Causal Model of Internal Conflict <p>From the early beginning of the authoritarian government of Ershad, there was widespread opposition to his autocratic authority, which persisted for eight years before the 1990 rebellion brought an end to it. Like the majority of movements in Bangladesh, this one was started by students who put in heroic effort to see it through to a victorious finish. This was an urban-centric movement. With the aid of an established academic model of internal conflict, this study aims to investigate the revolt and support its underlying causes - particularly its socioeconomic and cultural causes - as well as its political causes. This study has been conducted by qualitative method, in which the information has been collected from secondary sources. As the analytical framework, this study uses Michael E. Brown’s internal conflict causal model. According to this analysis, the major structural causes that led to the uprising were communal violence, a weakened educational system, corruption, and paramilitary activity on the part of the government. In terms of political factors, this study points to the authority’s use of torture or other oppressive measures against people’s fundamental rights, the state’s non-secular policy, the scope of political opportunity, public support and sympathy for the students, the authority’s political error, and the coordinated actions of political elites as being important causes of the uprising. Economic and social factors contributing to the rebellion include the rising cost of living, the debt crisis, regular failure to meet growth targets, and a highly divisive and bourgeois-centric economic system. Once more, this study reveals that the government’s actions against national culture through various policies, the extreme application of military culture, people’s negative memories of the Pakistani era’s authoritarian regime, and the positive perception of the student community in society are the cultural and perceptual factors that led to the uprising. The findings of the study will give relevant academicians, decision-makers, and the general public essential knowledge about Bangladeshi history as well as the fundamental causes of internal strife. They might contrast these conclusions with some important recent occurrences in Bangladesh. They may use it to address the fundamental issues in various facets of our society. As a result, the research may help them identify likely and long-lasting remedies for the advancement of our civilization.</p> Md. Zarif Rahman Copyright (c) 2023 Asian Review of Social Sciences Wed, 22 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Gender Equality: A Key to a Nation's Success <p>Educated Women play an important role in a country’s development. Education is one of the important weapons through which women’s empowerment can be made. Women’s education is needed for society’s development. It is the need through which we can reduce inequality, improve family status and reduce poverty in society. Empowering women has become one of the most important focuses and points of discussion. The purpose of this paper is to explore what are various initiatives taken by United Nation to achieve sustainable development goals. The paper investigated the various considerations which are taken to address human population growth prospects and remove disparity. In this paper, we have discussed various initiatives which have been taken to empower women. In this paper case from ITC is taken wherein various initiatives have been taken to empower women and how they have achieved success is discussed.</p> Kirti Miglani, Mandeep Kaur Copyright (c) 2023 Asian Review of Social Sciences Mon, 06 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000