Agro Informatics with Reference to Features, Functions and Emergence as a Discipline in Agricultural Sciences: An Analysis
Keywords:Computing, IT, Agricultural Informatics, Agro ICT, Academics, Universities, Degrees, Interdisciplinary Sciences
There are many interdisciplinary subjects worldwide and this trend is growing rapidly. Among these subjects, one of the important is Agricultural Information Science. Information Science deals with the nature of Interdisciplinary Sciences and also falls under the category of Applied Sciences. The field is very much synonymously and treated as equal to Informatics in some countries. The branch therefore also called as Agro Informatics and consists with both practicing nature and as a field of study. The applications of IT and Computing in other subjects and areas led to the development of other subjects such as Bio Informatics, Geo Informatics, Health Informatics, etc. Agricultural Informatics is growing rapidly and emerging as a field internationally in many countries. IT and computing applications in different areas, sectors and subjects including societal areas are considered as Information Science. Thus, Agricultural Informatics is socially connected or touched. Thus, the applications of Computing including the latest technologies in agriculture and allied areas treated as Agricultural Informatics. Though it is the application of more than technologies and includes the techniques, methodologies, procedure, etc into Agriculture. Agricultural Informatics is the analysis, management and processing of agricultural data with the help of IT Systems. Agriculture is also an interdisciplinary field and responsible for cultivating or producing the food, feed, fiber, corn, various plants, vegetables including the domesticated animals with scientific methods. Agricultural Informatics is therefore an interdisciplinary area combines with both Agricultural Sciences and allied areas with IT & Computing. This paper is theoretical as well as conceptual in nature and deals with mainly various aspects of Agricultural Informatics viz. foundation, nature and characteristics, role and functions in detail. It also briefly explores about the stakeholders and technologies of Agro Informatics.
A.Z.Abbasi,N. Islam and Z.A. Shaikh, “ A review of wireless sensors and networks’ applications in agriculture,” Computer Standards & Interfaces,Vol. 36, No.2, pp. 263-270, 2014.
T.Adão, J. Hruška, L.Pádua, J.Bessa, E. Peres, R. Morais and J.J. Sousa, “Hyperspectral imaging: A review on UAV-based sensors, data processing and applications for agriculture and forestry,” Remote Sensing, Vol. 9, No. 11, pp. 1110, 2017.
K.E.Adetunji and M.K.Joseph, “Development of a Cloud-based Monitoring System using 4duino: Applications in Agriculture,” In 2018 International Conference on Advances in Big Data, Computing and Data Communication Systems (icABCD) ,pp.4849-4854. IEEE, Aug.2018.
T.Ahmad, S.Ahmad and M.Jamshed, “A knowledge based Indian agriculture: With cloud ERP arrangement,” In 2015 International Conference on Green Computing and Internet of Things (ICGCIoT), pp.333-340, IEEE, Oct.2015.
B.A.Aubert, A. Schroeder and J. Grimaudo, “IT as enabler of sustainable farming: An empirical analysis of farmers’ adoption decision of precision agriculture technology,” Decision support systems, Vol.54, No.1, pp. 510-520, 2012.
S.M.Babu, A.J. Lakshmi and B.T. Rao, “A study on cloud based Internet of Things: CloudIoT,” In 2015 global conference on communication technologies (GCCT) pp. 60-65, IEEE, Apr.2015.
S.Balamurugan, N.Divyabharathi, K.Jayashruthi, M.Bowiya, R.P. Shermy and R. Shanker, “ Internet of agriculture: Applying IoT to improve food and farming technology,” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), Vol. 3, No.10, pp. 713-719, 2016.
C. Bauckhage and K. Kersting, “ Data mining and pattern recognition in agriculture,”. KI-Künstliche Intelligenz, Vol.27, No.4, pp. 313-324, 2013.
H.Channe, S.Kothari and D.Kadam, “Multidisciplinary model for smart agriculture using internet-of-things (IoT), sensors, cloud-computing, mobile-computing & big-data analysis,” Int. J. Computer Technology & Applications,Vol. 6, No.3, pp. 374-382, 2015
S.S.Gill, I. Chana and R. Buyya, “IoT based agriculture as a cloud and big data service: the beginning of digital India,” Journal of Organizational and End User Computing (JOEUC), Vol.29, No.4, pp.1-23, 2017.
R. Gómez-Chabla, K. Real-Avilés, C. Morán, P. Grijalva, and T. Recalde, “IoT Applications in Agriculture: A Systematic Literature Review,” In 2nd International Conference on ICTs in Agronomy and Environment Springer, Cham, pp.68-76, Jan.2019.
M.S. Goraya and H. Kaur, “Cloud computing in agriculture,” HCTL Open International Journal of Technology Innovations and Research (IJTIR), Vol.16,pp. 2321-1814,2015.
E. Guardo, A. Di Stefano, A. La Corte, M. Sapienza and M. Scatà, “A fog computing-based iot framework for precision agriculture,” Journal of Internet Technology, Vol.19, No.5 ,pp. 1401-1411,2018.
S.S. Kamble, A. Gunasekaran and S.A. Gawankar, “Achieving sustainable performance in a data-driven agriculture supply chain: A review for research and applications,” International Journal of Production Economics, Vol.219, pp.179-194,2020.
R. Kajol and K.K. Akshay, “Automated Agricultural Field Analysis and Monitoring System Using IOT,”International Journal of Information Engineering and Electronic Business, Vol. 11, No.2, p. 17, 2018.
A. Khattab, A. Abdelgawad and K. Yelmarthi,“Design and implementation of a cloud-based IoT scheme for precision agriculture,” In 2016 28th International Conference on Microelectronics (ICM) , pp.201-204, IEEE , Dec.2016.
S. Liu, L. Guo, H.Webb, X. Ya and X. Chang, “Internet of Things monitoring system of modern eco-agriculture based on cloud computing ,” IEEE Access, 7, pp. 37050-37058 , 2019.
B. Manos, N. Polman and D. Viaggi, Agricultural and environmental informatics, governance and management: Emerging research applications. Z. Andreopoulou (Ed.). IGI Global (701 E. Chocolate Avenue, Hershey, Pennsylvania, 17033, USA), 2011.
J. Muangprathub, N. Boonnam, S. Kajornkasirat, N. Lekbangpong, A. Wanichsombat and P. Nillaor, “ IoT and agriculture data analysis for smart farm,” Computers and electronics in agriculture, Vol. 156,pp. 467-474,2019.
A. Na and W. Isaac, “ Developing a human-centric agricultural model in the IoT environment,” In 2016 International Conference on Internet of Things and Applications (IOTA), pp. 292-297,IEEE, Jan.2016.
C.S.Nandyala and H.K. Kim, “Green IoT agriculture and healthcare application (GAHA),” International Journal of Smart Home, Vol. 10, No.4, pp. 289-300 , 2016.
A.Nayyar and V.Puri, “Smart farming: IoT based smart sensors agriculture stick for live temperature and moisture monitoring using Arduino, cloud computing & solar technology,” In Proc. of The International Conference on Communication and Computing Systems (ICCCS-2016) ,pp. 9781315364094-121, 2016.
T. Ojha, S. Misra and N.S. Raghuwanshi, “Wireless sensor networks for agriculture: The state-of-the-art in practice and future challenges,” Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, Vol. 118, pp.66-84, 2015.
M.F.Othman and K. Shazali, “ Wireless sensor network applications: A study in environment monitoring system,” Procedia Engineering, Vol. 41, pp. 1204-1210, 2012.
B.Ozdogan, A. Gacar and H. Aktas, “ Digital agriculture practices in the context of agriculture 4.0,” Journal of Economics Finance and Accounting,Vol. 4, No.2, pp. 186-193, 2017.
Pau1, Prantosh Kumar Minakshi Ghosh and Dipak Chaterjee, “Information Systems & Networks (ISN): Emphasizing Agricultural Information Networks with a case Study of AGRIS,”Scholars Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 1, No.1, pp. 38-41, 2014.
Paul and Prantosh Kumar, “Information and Knowledge Requirement for Farming and Agriculture Domain,” International Journal of Soft Computing Bio Informatics, Vol. 4 , No.2, pp. 80-84,2013.
Paul and Prantosh Kumar et.al, “Agricultural Problems in India requiring solution through Agricultural Information Systems: Problems and Prospects in Developing Countries,” International Journal of Information Science and Computing, Vol.2, No.1, pp. 33-40, 2015.
Paul and Prantosh Kumar et.al, “Cloud Computing and Virtualization in Agricultural Space: A Knowledge Survey,” Palgo Journal of Agriculture, Vol. 4 , No. 2, pp. 202-206, 2016.
Paul and Prantosh Kumar et.al,”Information and Communication Technology and Information: their role in Tea Cultivation and Marketing in the context of Developing Countries—A Theoretical Approach,” Current Trends in Biotechnology and Chemical Research, Vol. 5 , No. 2, pp. 155-161,2015.