Statistically Analyzing Fatal Accidents Pattern of Construction Activities in India
Keywords:Accident Analysis, Accident Prevention, Construction Activities, Fatal Accident Patterns, Statistical Analysis
In construction activities, fatal accidents occur frequently due to inherently dangerous nature which accounts for around 38 fatal accidents every day as reported by leading news articles. The aim of the paper was to investigate the pattern of fatal accidents in India’s construction works by utilizing a statistical method known as frequency analysis. The methodology includes the collection of data on accidents published by government departments, private bodies, and journals related to this topic. The results were achieved by assessing the year, month, and state factors. The findings reveal that there are noticeable trends in fatal mishaps. These data can be used to offer guidance for corrective or preventive measures for occupational injuries. The pattern identified in this paper can be useful to guide the development of accident-preventative measures.
M. Amiri, A. Ardeshir and M. H. Fazel Zarandi, “Risk-based analysis of construction accidents in Iran during 2007-2011-meta analyze study,” Iran J. Pub. Health, Vol. 43, pp. 507-522, 2014.
M. Amiri, A. Ardeshir, M. H. Fazel Zarandi and E. Soltanaghaei, “Pattern extraction for high-risk accidents in the construction industry: a data-mining approach,” Int. J. Injury Control Safe. Promot., Vol.23, pp. 264-276, 2016.
R. M. Choudhry, D. P. Fang and H. Lingard, “Measuring safety climate of a construction company,” J. Constr. Eng. M Asce, Vol. 135, pp. 890-899, 2009.
J. L. Fan, Y. J. Zhang and B. Wang, “The impact of urbanization on residential energy consumption in China: an aggregated and disaggregated analysis,” Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev., Vol. 75, pp. 220-233, 2017.
F. J. Forteza, J. M. Carretero-Gomez and A. Sese, “Occupational risks, accidents on sites and economic performance of construction firms,” Saf. Sci., Vol. 94, pp. 61-76, 2017.
I. W. H, Fung, V. W. Y. Tam, T. Y. Lo and L. L. H. Lu, “Developing a risk assessment model for construction safety,” Int. J. Proj. Manag., Vol. 28, pp. 593-600, 2010.
M. Gangolells, M. Casals, M. Forcada and M. Macarulla, “Predicting on-site environmental impacts of municipal engineering works,” Environ. Impact Assess. Rev., Vol. 44, pp. 43-57, 2014.
J. Hinze and J. Gambatese, “Factors that influence safety performance of specialty contractors,” J. Constr. Eng. M Asce, Vol. 129, pp. 159-164, 2003.
K. Hu, H. Rahmandad, T. Smith-Jackson and W. Winchester, “Factors influencing the risk of falls in the construction industry: a review of the evidence,” Con. Manag. Eco., Vol. 29, pp. 397-416, 2011.
H. J. Im, Y. J. Kwon, S. G. Kim, Y. K. Kim, Y. S. Ju and H. P. Lee, “The characteristics of fatal occupational injuries in Korea’s construction industry,” Saf. Sci., Vol. 47, pp. 1159-1162, 2009.
Y. Kang, S. Siddiqui, S. J. Suk, S. Chi and C. Kim, “Trends of fall accidents in the U.S. construction industry,” J. Constr. Eng. M Asce, Vol. 143, 04017043, 2017.
C. W. Liao, “Pattern Analysis of Seasonal Variation in Occupational Accidents in the Construction Industry,” 2012 International Workshop on Information and Electronics Engineering, Vol. 29, pp. 3240-3244, 2012.
C. W. Liao and Y. H. Perng, “Data mining for occupational injuries in the Taiwan construction industry,” Saf. Sci., Vol. 46, pp. 1091-1102, 2008.
I. Mohammadfam, A. Soltanzadeh, A. Moghimbeigi and M. Akbarzadeh, “Factors affecting occupational accidents in the construction industry (2009-2013),” J. Occup. Health Epi., Vol. 3, pp. 88-95, 2014.
H. Ohtani and M. Kobayashi, “Statistical analysis of dangerous goods accidents in Japan,” Saf. Sci. Vol. 43, pp. 287-297, 2005.
D. A. Patel, “Estimating the Number of Fatal Accidents and Investigating the Determinants of Safety Performance in Indian Construction, PhD thesis”, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, India, 2015.
Dilip Patel and Kumar Jha, “An Estimate of Fatal Accidents in Indian Construction”, 2016.
Y. B. Peng, S. Zhang and P. Wu, “Factors influencing workplace accident costs of building projects,” Saf. Sci., Vol. 72, pp. 97-104, 2015.
J. C. Rubio-Romero, M. C. R. Gamez and J. A. Carrillo-Castrillo, “Analysis of the safetyconditions of scaffolding on construction sites,” Saf. Sci., Vol. 55, pp. 160-164, 2013.
J. Sa, D. C. Seo and S. D. Choi, “Comparison of risk factors for falls from height between commercial and residential roofers,” J. Saf. Res. Vol. 40, pp. 1-6, 2009.
F. Salguero-Caparros, M. Suarez-Cebador and J. C. Rubio-Romero, “Analysis of investigation reports on occupational accidents,” Saf. Sci., Vol. 72, pp. 329-336, 2015.
D. C. Sang and K. Carlson, “Occupational safety issues in residential construction surveyed in Wisconsin”, United States Ind. Health, Vol. 52, pp. 541, 2014.
Bo Shao, Zhigen Hu, Quan Liu, Shu Chen and Wenqin He T., “Fatal accident patterns of building construction activities in China,” Safety Science, [Online]. Available: 111.10.1016/j.ssci.2018.07.019, 2018.
S. Unsar and N. Sut, “General assessment of the occupational accidents that occurred in Turkey between the years 2000 and 2005,” Saf. Sci., Vol. 47, pp. 614-619, 2009.
L. Wang, Y. P. Cheng and H. Y. Liu, “An analysis of fatal gas accidents in Chinese coal mines,” Saf. Sci., Vol. 62, pp. 107-113, 2014.
Y. P. Zheng, C. G. Feng, G. X. Jing, X. M. Qian, X. J. Li, Z. Y. Liu and P. Huang, “A statistical analysis of coal mine accidents caused by coal dust explosions in China,” J. Loss Prev. Process Indust., Vol. 22, pp. 528-532, 2009.
Z. P. Zhou, Y. M. Goh and Q. M. Li, “Overview and analysis of safety management studies in the construction industry,” Saf. Sci., Vol. 72, pp. 337-350, 2015.