Field Measure of Noise Through Select Means of Transport


  • Bijay Kumar Das Associate Professor, Department of Architecture and Planning, NIT Patna, Bihar, India
  • Ravish Kumar Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture and Planning, NIT Patna, Bihar, India
  • Avi Kush UG Student, Department of Civil Engineering, SMVDU, Katra, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Khushbu Kumari Independent Researcher, Patna, Bihar, India
  • Supriya Kumari Independent Researcher, Patna, Bihar, India
  • Anjali Pathak Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture and Planning, BIT Mesra, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India



Noise, Train Noise, Traffic Noise, Aeroplane Noise, Noise During Journey


Mobility of people has significantly increased. Daily and occasional trips consume a significant time in our whole life span. A comfortable and safe travel is prime need of any individual. Noise is an important parameter which defines the quality of life. Vehicular noise not only affects the outer environment of the vehicle but it also causes discomfort for the occupants travelling inside the vehicle. Noise reduction during journey is an important aspect for a comfortable travel. We are constantly exposed to various types of noise generated from vibrations. These vibrations produce longitudinal waves which are intercepted by our ear. Sensitivity of our auditory system depends on various factors, and age of individual is an important parameter. Apart from this the exposure of noise during lifetime is important criteria for long term auditory functions. Exposure of noise during travel is gaining significant importance as it decides our comfort level, and sleep duration. In this paper we examine the noise pressure level (dBA) during travel through filed data collection. The trips discussed are on road, rail and air.


M. Grubesa and S. Suhanek, “Traffic Noise.,” Noise and Environment., 2021.

M. E. Braun, S. J. Walsh, J. L. Horner, and R. Chuter, “Noise source characteristics in the ISO 362 vehicle pass-by noise test: Literature review,” Applied Acoustics, Vol. 74, No. 11, pp. 1241-1265, 2013, DOI:

WHO, “Burden of disease from environmental noise, World Health Organization,” Copenhagen: Regional Office for Europe, 2011.

P. Singh, D. Kumari and N. Sharma, “A Review of Adverse Effects of Road Traffic Noise on Human Health,” Fluctuation and Noise Letters, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2018.

E. Kerns, E. A. Masterson, C. L. Themann, and G. M. Calvert, “Cardiovascular conditions, hearing difficulty, and occupational noise exposure within US industries and occupations,” Am J Ind Med, Vol. 61, No. 6, pp. 477-491, Jun. 2018, DOI: 10.1002/ajim.22833.

D. Banerjee, S. K. Chakraborty, S. Bhattacharyya, and A. Gangopadhyay, “Evaluation and analysis of road traffic noise in Asansol: an industrial town of eastern India,” Int J Environ Res Public Health, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 165-171, Sep. 2008, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph5030165.

M. Islam, N. Nahar, M. Islam, M. Islam, and M. Hossen, “Traffic Induced Noise Pollution and its Impact on Human Health in Chittagong City Corporation,” Journal of Environmental Science and Natural Resources, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 37-40, 2016, DOI: 10.3329/jesnr.v8i2.26862.

V. Miguel et al., “The Role of MicroRNAs in Environmental Risk Factors, Noise-Induced Hearing Loss, and Mental Stress,” Antioxid Redox Signal, Vol. 28, No. 9, pp. 773-796, Mar. 2018, DOI: 10.1089/ars.2017.7175.

T. C. Halonen JI, M. Blangiardo, M. B. Toledano, D. Fecht, J. Gulliver, H. R. Anderson, S. D. Beevers, D. Dajnak and F. J. Kelly, “Long-term exposure to traffic pollution and hospital admissions in London,” Environmental Pollution, Vol. 208, pp. 48-57, 2016.

W. Zijlema et al., “Road traffic noise, blood pressure and heart rate: Pooled analyses of harmonized data from 88,336 participants.,” Environ Res, Vol. 151, pp. 804-813, Nov. 2016, DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2016.09.014.

T. H. Kageyama, S. Yano, T. Kuwano and S. Sueoka, “Exposure-response relationship of wind turbine noise with self-reported symptoms of sleep and health problems: a nationwide socio-acoustic survey in Japan,” Noise Health, Vol. 18, No. 81, pp. 53-61, 2016.

K. W. Zakri, A. S. Sudarsono, J. Sarwono, S. S. Utami, N. Hidayah and N. N. Hamdani, “Noise comparison of Argo Parahyangan train in different class and journey time,” AIP Conf Proc, Vol. 2088, No. 1, pp. 50014, Mar. 2019, DOI: 10.1063/1.5095348.

M. Younes, A. Heikal, A. Kotb, and H. N. Zohny, “Field Study of the Noise Exposure Inside Running Metro Unit,” Civil Engineering Journal, Vol. 7, pp. 560-574, Mar. 2021, DOI: 10.28991/cej-2021-03091674.

X. Yang and C. Yan, Simulation of Wheel/Rail Noise of High Speed Train Running on the Slab Track. 2009. DOI: 10.1061/41064(358)469.

IS Code 3098, “The noise pollution (regulation and control) rules,” 1980.

Indian Railways, “Railways Industry Report,” 2022.

Indian Railways, “Maintenance Manual for LHB coaches,” 2010.

DMRC, “Annual Report (2021-22),” 2022.

Airbus, “A 320 family,” 2023. [Online]. Available: (accessed Feb. 12, 2023).

Flightradar24. [Online]. Available: (accessed Feb. 11, 2023).

J. Lambert, F. Simonnet, and M. Vallet, “Patterns of behavior in dwellings exposed to road traffic noise,” J. Sound Vib, Vol. 92, pp. 159-172, Jan. 1984, DOI: 10.1016/0022-460X(84)90553-4.

D. Ouis, “Annoyance from Road Traffic Noise: A Review,” J Environ Psychol, Vol. 21, pp. 101-120, Mar. 2001, DOI: 10.1006/jevp.2000. 0187.




How to Cite

Das, B. K., Kumar, R., Kush, A., Kumari, K., Kumari, S., & Pathak, A. (2023). Field Measure of Noise Through Select Means of Transport. The Asian Review of Civil Engineering, 12(1), 10–17.